Aliases for PTPRH Gene
External Ids for PTPRH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTPRH Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP possesses an extracellular region, a single transmembrane region, and a single intracytoplasmic catalytic domain, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. The extracellular region contains eight fibronectin type III-like repeats and multiple N-glycosylation sites. The gene was shown to be expressed primarily in brain and liver, and at a lower level in heart and stomach. It was also found to be expressed in several cancer cell lines, but not in the corresponding normal tissues. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]
GeneCards Summary for PTPRH Gene
PTPRH (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type H) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTPRH include Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome and Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are PAK Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTPRB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PTPRH Gene
Protein phosphatase that may contribute to contact inhibition of cell growth and motility by mediating the dephosphorylation of focal adhesion-associated substrates and thus negatively regulating integrin-promoted signaling processes. Induces apoptotic cell death by at least two distinct mechanisms: inhibition of cell survival signaling mediated by PI 3-kinase, Akt, and ILK and activation of a caspase-dependent proapoptotic pathway. Inhibits the basal activity of LCK and its activation in response to TCR stimulation and TCR-induced activation of MAP kinase and surface expression of CD69. Inhibits TCR-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of LAT and ZAP70. Inhibits both basal activity of DOK1 and its CD2-induced tyrosine phosphorylation. Induces dephosphorylation of BCAR1, focal adhesion kinase and SRC. Reduces migratory activity of activity of Jurkat cells. Reduces tyrosine phosphorylation of CEACAM20 and thereby contributes to suppress the intestinal immune response CEACAM20 (By similarity).