Aliases for PTPRA Gene
External Ids for PTPRA Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PTPRA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTPRA Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains an extracellular domain, a single transmembrane segment and two tandem intracytoplasmic catalytic domains, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. This PTP has been shown to dephosphorylate and activate Src family tyrosine kinases, and is implicated in the regulation of integrin signaling, cell adhesion and proliferation. Three alternatively spliced variants of this gene, which encode two distinct isoforms, have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PTPRA Gene
PTPRA (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTPRA include Common Peroneal Nerve Lesion and Noonan Syndrome With Multiple Lentigines. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTPRE.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PTPRA Gene
Tyrosine protein phosphatase which is involved in integrin-mediated focal adhesion formation (By similarity). Following integrin engagement, specifically recruits BCAR3, BCAR1 and CRK to focal adhesions thereby promoting SRC-mediated phosphorylation of BRAC1 and the subsequent activation of PAK and small GTPase RAC1 and CDC42 (By similarity).