Aliases for PTPN12 Gene
External Ids for PTPN12 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTPN12 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains a C-terminal PEST motif, which serves as a protein-protein interaction domain, and may regulate protein intracellular half-life. This PTP was found to bind and dephosphorylate the product of the oncogene c-ABL and thus may play a role in oncogenesis. This PTP was also shown to interact with, and dephosphorylate, various products related to cytoskeletal structure and cell adhesion, such as p130 (Cas), CAKbeta/PTK2B, PSTPIP1, and paxillin. This suggests it has a regulatory role in controlling cell shape and mobility. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PTPN12 Gene
PTPN12 (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Non-Receptor Type 12) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTPN12 include Colorectal Cancer and Pyogenic Sterile Arthritis, Pyoderma Gangrenosum, And Acne. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and protein tyrosine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTPN22.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PTPN12 Gene
Dephosphorylates a range of proteins, and thereby regulates cellular signaling cascades (PubMed:18559503). Dephosphorylates cellular tyrosine kinases, such as ERBB2 and PTK2B/PYK2, and thereby regulates signaling via ERBB2 and PTK2B/PYK2 (PubMed:17329398, PubMed:27134172). Selectively dephosphorylates ERBB2 phosphorylated at 'Tyr-1112', 'Tyr-1196', and/or 'Tyr-1248' (PubMed:27134172).