Aliases for PTP4A2 Gene
External Ids for PTP4A2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PTP4A2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTP4A2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a small class of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are cell signaling molecules that play regulatory roles in a variety of cellular processes. PTPs in this class contain a protein tyrosine phosphatase catalytic domain and a characteristic C-terminal prenylation motif. This PTP has been shown to primarily associate with plasmic and endosomal membrane through its C-terminal prenylation. This PTP was found to interact with the beta-subunit of Rab geranylgeranyltransferase II (beta GGT II), and thus may function as a regulator of GGT II activity. Overexpression of this gene in mammalian cells conferred a transformed phenotype, which suggested its role in tumorigenesis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. Related pseudogenes exist on chromosomes 11, 12 and 17. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PTP4A2 Gene
PTP4A2 (Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4A2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTP4A2 include Ovarian Lymphoma and Centronuclear Myopathy. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of proteins and PAK Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphatase activity and protein tyrosine/serine/threonine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTP4A1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PTP4A2 Gene
Protein tyrosine phosphatase which stimulates progression from G1 into S phase during mitosis. Promotes tumors. Inhibits geranylgeranyl transferase type II activity by blocking the association between RABGGTA and RABGGTB.