Aliases for PTGER3 Gene
External Ids for PTGER3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTGER3 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the G-protein coupled receptor family. This protein is one of four receptors identified for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). This receptor may have many biological functions, which involve digestion, nervous system, kidney reabsorption, and uterine contraction activities. Studies of the mouse counterpart suggest that this receptor may also mediate adrenocorticotropic hormone response as well as fever generation in response to exogenous and endogenous stimuli. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2009]
GeneCards Summary for PTGER3 Gene
PTGER3 (Prostaglandin E Receptor 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTGER3 include Ocular Hyperemia and Antenatal Bartter Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and prostaglandin E receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTGER1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PTGER3 Gene
Receptor for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) (PubMed:8307176, PubMed:7883006, PubMed:8117308, PubMed:8135729, PubMed:7981210). The activity of this receptor can couple to both the inhibition of adenylate cyclase mediated by G(i) proteins, and to an elevation of intracellular calcium (PubMed:7883006, PubMed:8117308, PubMed:8135729, PubMed:7981210). Required for normal development of fever in response to pyrinogens, including IL1B, prostaglandin E2 and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Required for normal potentiation of platelet aggregation by prostaglandin E2, and thus plays a role in the regulation of blood coagulation. Required for increased HCO3(-) secretion in the duodenum in response to mucosal acidification, and thereby contributes to the protection of the mucosa against acid-induced ulceration. Not required for normal kidney function, normal urine volume and osmolality (By similarity).
Prostanoid receptors are activated by the endogenous ligands prostaglandin (PG) D2, PGE2, PGF2alpha, PGH2, prostacyclin (PGI2) and thromboxane A2. Cyclooxygenase (COX) converts arachidonic acid to PGH2, from which the other prostaglandins are synthesized.