Aliases for PTAFR Gene
External Ids for PTAFR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTAFR Gene
This gene encodes a seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor for platelet-activating factor (PAF) that localizes to lipid rafts and/or caveolae in the cell membrane. PAF (1-0-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine) is a phospholipid that plays a significant role in oncogenic transformation, tumor growth, angiogenesis, metastasis, and pro-inflammatory processes. Binding of PAF to the PAF-receptor (PAFR) stimulates numerous signal transduction pathways including phospholipase C, D, A2, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and the phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Following PAFR activation, cells become rapidly desensitized and this refractory state is dependent on PAFR phosphorylation, internalization, and down-regulation. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
GeneCards Summary for PTAFR Gene
PTAFR (Platelet Activating Factor Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTAFR include Melanoma Metastasis. Among its related pathways are Cytokine Signaling in Immune system and Innate Immune System. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and lipopolysaccharide binding. An important paralog of this gene is LPAR4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTAFR Gene
Receptor for platelet activating factor, a chemotactic phospholipid mediator that possesses potent inflammatory, smooth-muscle contractile and hypotensive activity. Seems to mediate its action via a G protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system.
Platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R) is a Gq/G11-coupled-protein receptor that has a role in a wide range of biological processes such as vasodilation, superoxide formation, cell proliferation, angiogenesis and regulation of the inflammatory response.