Aliases for PSMD2 Gene
External Ids for PSMD2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PSMD2 Gene
The 26S proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex with a highly ordered structure composed of 2 complexes, a 20S core and a 19S regulator. The 20S core is composed of 4 rings of 28 non-identical subunits; 2 rings are composed of 7 alpha subunits and 2 rings are composed of 7 beta subunits. The 19S regulator is composed of a base, which contains 6 ATPase subunits and 2 non-ATPase subunits, and a lid, which contains up to 10 non-ATPase subunits. Proteasomes are distributed throughout eukaryotic cells at a high concentration and cleave peptides in an ATP/ubiquitin-dependent process in a non-lysosomal pathway. An essential function of a modified proteasome, the immunoproteasome, is the processing of class I MHC peptides. This gene encodes one of the non-ATPase subunits of the 19S regulator lid. In addition to participation in proteasome function, this subunit may also participate in the TNF signalling pathway since it interacts with the tumor necrosis factor type 1 receptor. A pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 1. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]
GeneCards Summary for PSMD2 Gene
PSMD2 (Proteasome 26S Subunit, Non-ATPase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PSMD2 include Cystic Fibrosis and Angelman Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR) and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and enzyme regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is PSMD1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PSMD2 Gene
Component of the 26S proteasome, a multiprotein complex involved in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins. This complex plays a key role in the maintenance of protein homeostasis by removing misfolded or damaged proteins, which could impair cellular functions, and by removing proteins whose functions are no longer required. Therefore, the proteasome participates in numerous cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, apoptosis, or DNA damage repair.
Binds to the intracellular domain of tumor necrosis factor type 1 receptor. The binding domain of TRAP1 and TRAP2 resides outside the death domain of TNFR1.