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Aliases for PRSS56 Gene

Aliases for PRSS56 Gene

  • Protease, Serine 56 2 3 5
  • Putative Serine Protease 56 3
  • Serine Protease 56 3
  • EC 3.4.21.- 4
  • MCOP6 3

External Ids for PRSS56 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRSS56 Gene

  • GC02U902398
  • GC02P233389

Summaries for PRSS56 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRSS56 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that contains a peptidase S1 domain and possesses trypsin-like serine protease activity. The encoded protein may play a role in eye development, and mutations in this gene are a cause of autosomal recessive posterior microphthalmos. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PRSS56 Gene

PRSS56 (Protease, Serine 56) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRSS56 include Microphthalmia, Isolated 6 and Microphthalmia. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TMPRSS9.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRSS56 Gene

  • Serine protease required during eye development.

Additional gene information for PRSS56 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRSS56 Gene

Genomics for PRSS56 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PRSS56 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PRSS56 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH02I232520 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 550.8 -0.1 -94 0.1 PRSS56 ECEL1
GH02I232488 Enhancer 0.4 FANTOM5 54.7 -31.9 -31889 0.3 CTCF EZH2 ECEL1 PRSS56
GH02I232521 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 13.2 +5.1 5066 8.5 RB1 DEAF1 ZNF2 ZNF48 RAD21 ZNF335 SCRT2 ZNF143 SP5 ZBTB11 CHRND CHRNG PRSS56 TIGD1 EIF4E2 SCARNA5
GH02I232549 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 5.1 +30.3 30288 2.5 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 TIGD1 EIF4E2 PIR32753 MIR5001 CHRNG PRSS56 PIR51534
GH02I232512 Enhancer 0.5 FANTOM5 9.6 -7.6 -7558 0.1 MXI1 POLR2A NRF1 ZSCAN4 ECEL1 PRSS56
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around PRSS56 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for PRSS56 Gene

Genomic Locations for PRSS56 Gene
5,254 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PRSS56 Gene

Genes around PRSS56 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRSS56 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRSS56 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRSS56 Gene

Proteins for PRSS56 Gene

  • Protein details for PRSS56 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serine protease 56
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for PRSS56 Gene

    603 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64597 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PRSS56 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PRSS56 Gene

Other Protein References for PRSS56 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRSS56 Gene

Domains & Families for PRSS56 Gene

Gene Families for PRSS56 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for PRSS56 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRSS56 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRSS56: view

Function for PRSS56 Gene

Molecular function for PRSS56 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Serine protease required during eye development.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PRSS56 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PRSS56 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRSS56 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity ISS --
GO:0008233 peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0008236 serine-type peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRSS56: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRSS56: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PRSS56 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Clone Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRSS56 Gene

Localization for PRSS56 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRSS56 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum ISS,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRSS56: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for PRSS56 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PRSS56 Gene

SuperPathways for PRSS56 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PRSS56 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: P0CW18-PRS56_HUMAN for PRSS56 Gene via IID

Symbol External ID(s) Details

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRSS56 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis ISS --
GO:0043010 camera-type eye development IEA,IMP 21397065
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRSS56: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PRSS56 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PRSS56 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for PRSS56 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PRSS56 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(0) Additional mRNA sequences :
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PRSS56 Gene

Protease, serine, 56:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRSS56 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PRSS56 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PRSS56 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PRSS56 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PRSS56 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x13.0), Brain - Hypothalamus (x10.0), and Testis (x7.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRSS56 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (67.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PRSS56 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PRSS56 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PRSS56 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRSS56 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PRSS56 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed neural retina, cornea, sclera and optic nerve.

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PRSS56 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • skeletal muscle
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • testicle
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRSS56: view

No data available for Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PRSS56 Gene

Orthologs for PRSS56 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PRSS56 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRSS56 33
  • 99.28 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRSS56 33 34
  • 86.43 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRSS56 33
  • 86.35 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prss56 33 16 34
  • 80.31 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prss56 33
  • 79.64 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PRSS56 34
  • 66 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PRSS56 34
  • 35 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRSS56 33 34
  • 62.33 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PRSS56 34
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prss56 33
  • 55.87 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii PRSS56 34
  • 31 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004571 33
  • 51.93 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG4914 33 34
  • 49.36 (n)
CG11836 34
  • 31 (a)
CG18735 34
  • 30 (a)
CG3355 34
  • 29 (a)
CG6865 34
  • 28 (a)
CG4386 34
  • 26 (a)
CG9294 34
  • 26 (a)
CG11843 34
  • 24 (a)
CG4613 34
  • 24 (a)
CG11841 34
  • 22 (a)
CG11842 34
  • 22 (a)
CG4927 34
  • 22 (a)
CG9372 34
  • 22 (a)
CG3700 34
  • 21 (a)
spirit 34
  • 20 (a)
CG14642 34
  • 19 (a)
CG14892 34
  • 19 (a)
CG11668 34
  • 18 (a)
CG1299 34
  • 18 (a)
snk 34
  • 18 (a)
psh 34
  • 18 (a)
CG11670 34
  • 17 (a)
CG8172 34
  • 17 (a)
CG32260 34
  • 16 (a)
CG31728 34
  • 14 (a)
CG7432 34
  • 14 (a)
CG6361 34
  • 12 (a)
Sb 34
  • 12 (a)
CG34350 34
  • 10 (a)
CG8213 34
  • 6 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7246 34
  • 11 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PRSS56 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PRSS56 Gene

Gene Tree for PRSS56 (if available)
Gene Tree for PRSS56 (if available)

Paralogs for PRSS56 Gene

Variants for PRSS56 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRSS56 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs387907095 pathogenic, Microphthalmia, isolated 6, Microphthalmia, isolated, 6 (MCOP6) [MIM:613517] 232,523,492(+) G/C coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs387907096 pathogenic, Microphthalmia, isolated 6, Microphthalmia, isolated, 6 (MCOP6) [MIM:613517] 232,522,594(+) C/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs61744404 pathogenic, benign, Microphthalmia, isolated 6, not specified, Microphthalmia, isolated, 6 (MCOP6) [MIM:613517] 232,525,489(+) C/A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs730882064 pathogenic, Microphthalmia, isolated 6 232,523,818(+) CCCCCCCC/CCCCCCCCC coding_sequence_variant, frameshift
rs730882158 pathogenic, Microphthalmia, isolated 6, Microphthalmia, isolated, 6 (MCOP6) [MIM:613517] 232,523,524(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRSS56 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1073020 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv3211 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv522450 CNV loss 19592680
nsv527789 CNV loss 19592680
nsv821918 CNV gain 20364138
nsv953202 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for PRSS56 Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 3.57; 56.06% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PRSS56 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRSS56 Gene

Disorders for PRSS56 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for PRSS56 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
microphthalmia, isolated 6
  • mcop6
  • microphthalmos
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Microphthalmia, isolated, 6 (MCOP6) [MIM:613517]: A developmental ocular disorder characterized by small malformed eyes. Clinical features are extreme hyperopia due to short axial length with essentially normal anterior segment, steep corneal curvatures, shallow anterior chamber, thick lenses, and thickened scleral wall. Palpebral fissures appear narrow because of relatively deep-set eyes, visual acuity is mildly to moderately reduced, and anisometropic or strabismic amblyopia is common. The fundus of the eye shows crowded optical disks, tortuous vessels, and an abnormal foveal avascular zone. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21397065, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21532570, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21850159}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for PRSS56

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRSS56: view

No data available for Genatlas for PRSS56 Gene

Publications for PRSS56 Gene

  1. Autosomal-recessive posterior microphthalmos is caused by mutations in PRSS56, a gene encoding a trypsin-like serine protease. (PMID: 21397065) Gal A … Rosenberg T (American journal of human genetics 2011) 2 3 4 58
  2. Alteration of the serine protease PRSS56 causes angle-closure glaucoma in mice and posterior microphthalmia in humans and mice. (PMID: 21532570) Nair KS … John SW (Nature genetics 2011) 2 3 4 58
  3. Mutations in a novel serine protease PRSS56 in families with nanophthalmos. (PMID: 21850159) Orr A … Samuels ME (Molecular vision 2011) 3 4 58
  4. Transcriptome characterization elucidates signaling networks that control human ES cell growth and differentiation. (PMID: 15146197) Brandenberger R … Stanton LW (Nature biotechnology 2004) 3 4 58
  5. A human interactome in three quantitative dimensions organized by stoichiometries and abundances. (PMID: 26496610) Hein MY … Mann M (Cell 2015) 3 58

Products for PRSS56 Gene

Sources for PRSS56 Gene

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