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Aliases for PRKAR1B Gene

Aliases for PRKAR1B Gene

  • Protein Kinase CAMP-Dependent Type I Regulatory Subunit Beta 2 3 5
  • Protein Kinase, CAMP-Dependent, Regulatory Subunit Type I Beta 2 3
  • Protein Kinase, CAMP-Dependent, Regulatory, Type I, Beta 2 3
  • CAMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type I-Beta Regulatory Subunit 3
  • PRKAR1 3

External Ids for PRKAR1B Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRKAR1B Gene

  • GC07U990076
  • GC17P067105
  • GC07M000491
  • GC07M000555
  • GC07M000507

Summaries for PRKAR1B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRKAR1B Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a regulatory subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), which is involved in the signaling pathway of the second messenger cAMP. Two regulatory and two catalytic subunits form the PKA holoenzyme, disbands after cAMP binding. The holoenzyme is involved in many cellular events, including ion transport, metabolism, and transcription. Several transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for PRKAR1B Gene

PRKAR1B (Protein Kinase CAMP-Dependent Type I Regulatory Subunit Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRKAR1B include Prkar1b-Related Neurodegenerative Dementia With Intermediate Filaments and Carney Complex Variant. Among its related pathways are Melanocyte Development and Pigmentation and G-protein signaling G-Protein alpha-i signaling cascades. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cAMP binding and cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulator activity. An important paralog of this gene is PRKAR1A.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAR1B Gene

  • Regulatory subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinases involved in cAMP signaling in cells.

Tocris Summary for PRKAR1B Gene

  • Protein kinase A (PKA, aka cAMP-dependent protein kinase) is involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism and is a component of the signal transduction mechanism of certain GPCRs. PKA is composed of two regulatory subunits and two catalytic subunits.

Gene Wiki entry for PRKAR1B Gene

Additional gene information for PRKAR1B Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRKAR1B Gene

Genomics for PRKAR1B Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PRKAR1B Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PRKAR1B Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07J000725 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 671.5 +0.9 865 3.2 HDGF MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B ZNF766 DNAAF5 PRKAR1B SUN1
GH07J000711 Promoter 1 EPDnew Ensembl 658.2 +15.4 15375 1 PRKAR1B DNAAF5 PIR40084 GC07P000622
GH07J000713 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 650.4 +14.4 14447 0.1 PRKAR1B PIR40084 GC07P000622
GH07J000812 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.3 -87.5 -87471 6.9 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 FOS ZNF263 SP3 SUN1 DNAAF5 PRKAR1B ENSG00000225981 INTS1 ENSG00000242474 ENSG00000273151 ZFAND2A GC07P000799
GH07J000767 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 EPDnew ENCODE dbSUPER 30.8 -41.0 -41032 2.2 CTCF POLR2A RCOR1 ZBTB33 CHD2 DNAAF5 PRKAR1B GPR146 C7orf50 GC07P000777 PIR46616 GC07M000740
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PRKAR1B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PRKAR1B gene promoter:
  • deltaCREB
  • CREB
  • Arnt
  • Egr-1
  • Egr-4
  • HSF1short
  • HSF1 (long)
  • ARP-1
  • Pax-5

Genomic Locations for PRKAR1B Gene

Genomic Locations for PRKAR1B Gene
178,481 bases
Minus strand
178,480 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PRKAR1B Gene

Genes around PRKAR1B on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRKAR1B Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRKAR1B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRKAR1B Gene

Proteins for PRKAR1B Gene

  • Protein details for PRKAR1B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase type I-beta regulatory subunit
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N422

    Protein attributes for PRKAR1B Gene

    381 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    43073 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The inactive holoenzyme is composed of two regulatory chains and two catalytic chains. Activation by cAMP releases the two active catalytic monomers and the regulatory dimer. Interacts with PRKX; regulates this cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Interacts with C2orf88/smAKAP; this interaction may target PRKAR1B to the plasma membrane.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PRKAR1B Gene

neXtProt entry for PRKAR1B Gene

Post-translational modifications for PRKAR1B Gene

  • The pseudophosphorylation site binds to the substrate-binding region of the catalytic chain, resulting in the inhibition of its activity.
  • Ubiquitination at posLast=261261
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRKAR1B Gene

Domains & Families for PRKAR1B Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRKAR1B Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the cAMP-dependent kinase regulatory chain family.
  • Belongs to the cAMP-dependent kinase regulatory chain family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRKAR1B: view

Function for PRKAR1B Gene

Molecular function for PRKAR1B Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Regulatory subunit of the cAMP-dependent protein kinases involved in cAMP signaling in cells.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
protein kinase,cAMP-dependent,type I,beta subunit,regulatory polypeptide

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PRKAR1B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRKAR1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004862 cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor activity IDA 21812984
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 23455922
GO:0008603 cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulator activity NAS 1708242
GO:0030552 cAMP binding IEA --
GO:0034236 protein kinase A catalytic subunit binding IPI 21812984
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRKAR1B: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRKAR1B: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PRKAR1B Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PRKAR1B Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PRKAR1B:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PRKAR1B Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PRKAR1B

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRKAR1B Gene

Localization for PRKAR1B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAR1B Gene

Cell membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRKAR1B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
plasma membrane 3
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRKAR1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0005952 cAMP-dependent protein kinase complex NAS 1708242
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0097546 ciliary base TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRKAR1B: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for PRKAR1B Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PRKAR1B Gene

SuperPathways for PRKAR1B Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 DAG and IP3 signaling
2 RET signaling
3 G-Beta Gamma Signaling
4 Aquaporin-mediated transport
5 Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PRKAR1B: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRKAR1B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001932 regulation of protein phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0003091 renal water homeostasis TAS --
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation NAS 1708242
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
GO:0007611 learning or memory IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRKAR1B: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PRKAR1B Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PRKAR1B Gene

(5) Drugs for PRKAR1B Gene - From: HMDB and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
cyclic amp Experimental Pharma 0
KT 5720 Pharma Neutral, Allosteric regulator, Positive Selective protein kinase A inhibitor 0
cGMP Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Peptide Pharma Inhibitor of protein kinases G and A 0
PKA inhibitor fragment (6-22) amide Pharma Potent protein kinase A inhibitor 0
PKI 14-22 amide, myristoylated Pharma PKA inhibitor, Cell-permeable protein kinase A inhibitor 0

(1) Additional Compounds for PRKAR1B Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
H 89 dihydrochloride

(5) Tocris Compounds for PRKAR1B Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
cGMP Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Peptide Inhibitor of protein kinases G and A 82801-73-8
H 89 dihydrochloride Protein kinase A inhibitor 130964-39-5
KT 5720 Selective protein kinase A inhibitor 108068-98-0
PKA inhibitor fragment (6-22) amide Potent protein kinase A inhibitor 121932-06-7
PKI 14-22 amide, myristoylated Cell-permeable protein kinase A inhibitor 201422-03-9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PRKAR1B: view

Transcripts for PRKAR1B Gene

Unigene Clusters for PRKAR1B Gene

Protein kinase, cAMP-dependent, regulatory, type I, beta:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRKAR1B Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PRKAR1B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PRKAR1B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PRKAR1B Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PRKAR1B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cortex (x7.6), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x6.7), and Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x5.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRKAR1B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (13.0), Heart (11.2), Fetal Brain (8.7), and Ovary (8.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PRKAR1B Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PRKAR1B Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRKAR1B Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PRKAR1B Gene:

Tissue specificity: Four types of regulatory chains are found: I-alpha, I-beta, II-alpha, and II-beta. Their expression varies among tissues and is in some cases constitutive and in others inducible.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PRKAR1B Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Liver(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRKAR1B: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PRKAR1B Gene

Orthologs for PRKAR1B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PRKAR1B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRKAR1B 34 33
  • 87.62 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRKAR1B 34 33
  • 86.44 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prkar1b 16 34 33
  • 85.91 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PRKAR1B 34
  • 85 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prkar1b 33
  • 84.52 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PRKAR1B 34
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRKAR1B 34 33
  • 80.49 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PRKAR1B 34
  • 91 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prkar1b 33
  • 77.72 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii prkar1b 34 33
  • 82.44 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pka-R1 34
  • 54 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea kin-2 34 33
  • 58.96 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes BCY1 34
  • 29 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.8266 34
  • 62 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PRKAR1B was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PRKAR1B Gene

Gene Tree for PRKAR1B (if available)
Gene Tree for PRKAR1B (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PRKAR1B: view image

Paralogs for PRKAR1B Gene

Paralogs for PRKAR1B Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for PRKAR1B Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

  • C9J4C2_HUMAN
  • C9JR00_HUMAN
  • Q6NS41_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PRKAR1B: view

Variants for PRKAR1B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRKAR1B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1031852692 uncertain-significance, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 727,105(-) G/C genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1039028606 uncertain-significance, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 727,009(-) G/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1060502833 uncertain-significance, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 727,054(-) G/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs557885420 likely-benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 726,747(-) C/T genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs769656987 likely-benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 727,176(-) C/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRKAR1B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv11108n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv11109n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv11110n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv1177e199 CNV deletion 23128226
dgv3731e59 CNV duplication 20981092
esv1089300 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1167523 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1339677 CNV insertion 17803354
esv1611886 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1697450 CNV deletion 17803354
esv23027 CNV loss 19812545
esv23727 CNV loss 19812545
esv25048 CNV gain 19812545
esv25246 CNV loss 19812545
esv2661211 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2667360 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2673044 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2733626 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733627 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733629 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733630 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733631 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733632 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733633 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733634 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733635 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733636 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733637 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733638 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733640 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733641 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733642 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733643 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733644 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733645 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733646 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733647 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733648 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733649 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733651 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733652 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2733653 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2859902 CNV duplication 24192839
esv3069 CNV loss 18987735
esv3540996 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3611782 CNV loss 21293372
esv3611783 CNV loss 21293372
esv3611784 CNV loss 21293372
esv998846 CNV gain 20482838
nsv1021075 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1073622 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1074051 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1074052 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1074990 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1078007 CNV duplication 25765185
nsv1078576 CNV duplication 25765185
nsv1120540 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1120541 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1129776 CNV tandem duplication 24896259
nsv1133642 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1135974 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1137569 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1145117 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1148788 CNV insertion 26484159
nsv605688 CNV loss 21841781
nsv605693 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv950782 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv950783 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for PRKAR1B Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 38% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.88; 35.16% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PRKAR1B Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRKAR1B Gene

Disorders for PRKAR1B Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for PRKAR1B Gene - From: HGMD, Orphanet, and DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
prkar1b-related neurodegenerative dementia with intermediate filaments
carney complex variant
  • carney complex
familial atrial fibrillation
  • atrial fibrillation, familial, 1
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for PRKAR1B

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRKAR1B: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PRKAR1B Gene

Publications for PRKAR1B Gene

  1. Nitroproteins from a human pituitary adenoma tissue discovered with a nitrotyrosine affinity column and tandem mass spectrometry. (PMID: 16777052) Zhan X … Desiderio DM (Analytical biochemistry 2006) 3 4 22 58
  2. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is associated with polymorphisms in JAK1. (PMID: 20588308) Silva LK … Teixeira MG (European journal of human genetics : EJHG 2010) 3 44 58
  3. Human regulatory subunit RI beta of cAMP-dependent protein kinases: expression, holoenzyme formation and microinjection into living cells. (PMID: 7925653) Solberg R … Taylor SS (Experimental cell research 1994) 3 4 58
  4. Mapping of the regulatory subunits RI beta and RII beta of cAMP-dependent protein kinase genes on human chromosome 7. (PMID: 1358799) Solberg R … de la Chapelle A (Genomics 1992) 2 3 58
  5. Molecular cloning, cDNA structure and tissue-specific expression of the human regulatory subunit RI beta of cAMP-dependent protein kinases. (PMID: 1708242) Solberg R … Jahnsen T (Biochemical and biophysical research communications 1991) 3 4 58

Products for PRKAR1B Gene

Sources for PRKAR1B Gene

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