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Aliases for PRICKLE2 Gene

Aliases for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • Prickle Planar Cell Polarity Protein 2 2 3 5
  • Prickle Homolog 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • Prickle-Like 2 (Drosophila) 2
  • Prickle-Like Protein 2 3
  • Prickle Homolog 2 3
  • EPM5 3

External Ids for PRICKLE2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • GC03M063482
  • GC03M063934
  • GC03M064036
  • GC03M064054

Summaries for PRICKLE2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a homolog of Drosophila prickle. The exact function of this gene is not known, however, studies in mice suggest that it may be involved in seizure prevention. Mutations in this gene are associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy type 5. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PRICKLE2 Gene

PRICKLE2 (Prickle Planar Cell Polarity Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRICKLE2 include Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy Type 5 and Sensory Ataxic Neuropathy, Dysarthria, And Ophthalmoparesis. Among its related pathways are Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency. An important paralog of this gene is PRICKLE1.

Additional gene information for PRICKLE2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRICKLE2 Gene

Genomics for PRICKLE2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PRICKLE2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PRICKLE2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J064223 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 655 +220.6 220642 3.3 CTCF PKNOX1 SIN3A ELF1 RAD21 SP1 ATF3 POLR2A MAFK BCLAF1 PRICKLE2 PRICKLE2-AS3 GC03M064225
GH03J064444 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 665.2 +0.2 229 1.2 CTCF KLF1 KLF14 ZFHX2 GLIS2 POLR2A ZBTB48 PATZ1 EZH2 EGR2 PRICKLE2 LOC101929316
GH03J064443 Enhancer 0.4 ENCODE 663.9 +1.5 1547 1.2 POLR2A RCOR1 CHD2 PRICKLE2 LOC101929316 GC03M064399
GH03J064161 Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 7 +281.9 281949 3.7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 FEZF1 ZNF121 ATF7 KLF7 RUNX3 JUNB TSHZ1 ZNF518A PRICKLE2-AS3 PRICKLE2-AS2 PRICKLE2 PRDX3P4
GH03J064460 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 12.7 -16.3 -16294 3.5 CTCF ZNF121 JUND PKNOX1 POLR2A FOS PRICKLE2 LOC105377123
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PRICKLE2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PRICKLE2 gene promoter:
  • C/EBPalpha
  • RORalpha2
  • SRF (504 AA)
  • SRF
  • GATA-1
  • FOXO1
  • ITF-2
  • Tal-1beta
  • Pbx1a

Genomic Locations for PRICKLE2 Gene

Genomic Locations for PRICKLE2 Gene
353,235 bases
Minus strand
351,627 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PRICKLE2 Gene

Genes around PRICKLE2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRICKLE2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRICKLE2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRICKLE2 Gene

Proteins for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • Protein details for PRICKLE2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Prickle-like protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q0VF44

    Protein attributes for PRICKLE2 Gene

    844 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    95615 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PRICKLE2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRICKLE2 Gene

Domains & Families for PRICKLE2 Gene

Gene Families for PRICKLE2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for PRICKLE2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRICKLE2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the prickle / espinas / testin family.
  • Belongs to the prickle / espinas / testin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRICKLE2: view

Function for PRICKLE2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PRICKLE2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRICKLE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRICKLE2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRICKLE2: view

Animal Models for PRICKLE2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PRICKLE2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PRICKLE2

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRICKLE2 Gene

Localization for PRICKLE2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRICKLE2 Gene

Nucleus membrane.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRICKLE2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 3
cytosol 2
golgi apparatus 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Golgi apparatus (2)
  • Vesicles (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRICKLE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0031965 nuclear membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRICKLE2: view

Pathways & Interactions for PRICKLE2 Gene

SuperPathways for PRICKLE2 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Wnt Signaling Pathway and Pluripotency
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PRICKLE2: view

Pathways by source for PRICKLE2 Gene

1 GeneTex pathway for PRICKLE2 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for PRICKLE2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRICKLE2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0060071 Wnt signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway NAS 24431302
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRICKLE2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PRICKLE2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PRICKLE2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for PRICKLE2 Gene


Unigene Clusters for PRICKLE2 Gene

Prickle homolog 2 (Drosophila):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PRICKLE2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRICKLE2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PRICKLE2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PRICKLE2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PRICKLE2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRICKLE2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (54.8) and Fetal Brain (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PRICKLE2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PRICKLE2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PRICKLE2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRICKLE2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PRICKLE2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in brain, eye and testis. Additionally in fetal brain, adult cartilage, pancreatic islet, gastric cancer and uterus tumors.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PRICKLE2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PRICKLE2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • nervous
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • eye
  • head
  • foot
  • lower limb
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRICKLE2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for PRICKLE2 Gene

Orthologs for PRICKLE2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PRICKLE2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRICKLE2 34 33
  • 99.57 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PRICKLE2 34
  • 92 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PRICKLE2 34
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PRICKLE2 34 33
  • 90.28 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRICKLE2 34 33
  • 89.61 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prickle2 16 34 33
  • 89.45 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prickle2 33
  • 89.26 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRICKLE2 34 33
  • 80.05 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PRICKLE2 34
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prickle2 33
  • 77.8 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii prickle2 34 33 33
  • 65.22 (n)
PRICKLE2 (1 of 2) 34
  • 54 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta esn 34
  • 24 (a)
pk 34
  • 22 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea prkl-1 34
  • 37 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 29 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PRICKLE2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PRICKLE2 Gene

Gene Tree for PRICKLE2 (if available)
Gene Tree for PRICKLE2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PRICKLE2: view image

Paralogs for PRICKLE2 Gene

Paralogs for PRICKLE2 Gene

(12) SIMAP similar genes for PRICKLE2 Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

  • C9JY03_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PRICKLE2: view

Variants for PRICKLE2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRICKLE2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1002732260 uncertain-significance, Progressive myoclonic epilepsy 64,094,794(-) A/G 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1026385191 uncertain-significance, Progressive myoclonic epilepsy 64,094,942(-) G/C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1030746131 uncertain-significance, Progressive myoclonic epilepsy 64,097,183(-) C/G 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs116353694 likely-benign, benign, not specified, Progressive myoclonic epilepsy, Epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 5 64,146,939(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs12494731 likely-benign, Progressive myoclonic epilepsy 64,096,327(-) G/T 3_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRICKLE2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv288n21 CNV loss 19592680
esv3596400 CNV loss 21293372
nsv3851 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv476978 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv515640 CNV gain 19592680
nsv518137 CNV loss 19592680
nsv522355 CNV loss 19592680
nsv528206 CNV loss 19592680
nsv822111 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834717 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for PRICKLE2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 2.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.10; 38.28% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PRICKLE2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRICKLE2 Gene

Disorders for PRICKLE2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for PRICKLE2 Gene - From: HGMD, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Note=PRICKLE2 mutations have been found in patients with myoclonic epilepsy but involvement of this gene in pathogenesis is under debate since some of the patients also carry POLG mutations. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21276947, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26942291, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26942292}.

Additional Disease Information for PRICKLE2

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRICKLE2: view

No data available for Genatlas for PRICKLE2 Gene

Publications for PRICKLE2 Gene

  1. Identification and characterization of human PRICKLE1 and PRICKLE2 genes as well as mouse Prickle1 and Prickle2 genes homologous to Drosophila tissue polarity gene prickle. (PMID: 12525887) Katoh M … Katoh M (International journal of molecular medicine 2003) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Towards complete sets of farnesylated and geranylgeranylated proteins. (PMID: 17411337) Maurer-Stroh S … Eisenhaber F (PLoS computational biology 2007) 3 4 22 58
  3. Genome-wide association study of vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine blood concentrations. (PMID: 19303062) Tanaka T … Ferrucci L (American journal of human genetics 2009) 3 44 58
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  5. PRICKLE2 Mutations Might Not Be Involved in Epilepsy. (PMID: 26942291) Sandford E … Burmeister M (American journal of human genetics 2016) 4 58

Products for PRICKLE2 Gene

Sources for PRICKLE2 Gene

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