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Aliases for PRDX3 Gene

Aliases for PRDX3 Gene

  • Peroxiredoxin 3 2 3 5
  • Antioxidant Protein 1 2 3 4
  • Protein MER5 Homolog 3 4
  • Peroxiredoxin III 3 4
  • Prx-III 3 4
  • HBC189 3 4
  • AOP-1 3 4
  • AOP1 3 4
  • Thioredoxin-Dependent Peroxide Reductase, Mitochondrial 3
  • Peroxiredoxin-3 4
  • EC 4
  • PRO1748 3
  • SP-22 3
  • MER5 3

External Ids for PRDX3 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PRDX3 Gene

  • AOP1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRDX3 Gene

  • GC10M119845
  • GC10M120170
  • GC10M121058
  • GC10M120591
  • GC10M120917
  • GC10M114556
  • GC10M120928

Summaries for PRDX3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PRDX3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a mitochondrial protein with antioxidant function. The protein is similar to the C22 subunit of Salmonella typhimurium alkylhydroperoxide reductase, and it can rescue bacterial resistance to alkylhydroperoxide in E. coli that lack the C22 subunit. The human and mouse genes are highly conserved, and they map to the regions syntenic between mouse and human chromosomes. Sequence comparisons with recently cloned mammalian homologs suggest that these genes consist of a family that is responsible for the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation and antioxidant functions. This family member can protect cells from oxidative stress, and it can promote cell survival in prostate cancer. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Related pseudogenes have been identified on chromosomes 1, 3, 13 and 22. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

GeneCards Summary for PRDX3 Gene

PRDX3 (Peroxiredoxin 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRDX3 include Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy. Among its related pathways are Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation and Detoxification of Reactive Oxygen Species. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and oxidoreductase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PRDX4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRDX3 Gene

  • Thiol-specific peroxidase that catalyzes the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and organic hydroperoxides to water and alcohols, respectively. Plays a role in cell protection against oxidative stress by detoxifying peroxides (PubMed:7733872, PubMed:17707404). Acts synergistically with MAP3K13 to regulate the activation of NF-kappa-B in the cytosol (PubMed:12492477).

Gene Wiki entry for PRDX3 Gene

Additional gene information for PRDX3 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PRDX3 Gene

Genomics for PRDX3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PRDX3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PRDX3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH10J119176 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 658.4 +1.0 1027 3.9 HDGF SMAD1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 PRDX3 EIF3A SFXN4
GH10J119205 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6.8 -31.2 -31206 8.7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF213 ZNF207 ZNF143 GRK5 SFXN4 PHACTR2P1 PRDX3 EIF3A RN7SL749P GRK5-IT1
GH10J119115 Enhancer 0.6 dbSUPER 12.3 +62.6 62615 1.2 GATAD2A RXRA TEAD1 CEBPG ZNF384 TEAD3 SP1 CEBPA HNF4A PRDX3 EIF3A SNORA19 ENSG00000222588 NANOS1 GC10P119111 FAM45A SFXN4
GH10J119368 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.5 -192.4 -192425 5.7 STAT5A BATF ZIC2 RAD21 ZKSCAN1 ZNF335 ZFHX2 POLR2A EGR1 EED GRK5 PRDX3 MIR4681 LOC105378511
GH10J119200 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 7.6 -19.3 -19279 0.2 CTCF SOX13 FOXA2 SAP130 JUN ZNF664 FOS NR2F6 SOX5 ZNF3 PRDX3 GC10M119191 GRK5
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PRDX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PRDX3 gene promoter:
  • YY1
  • NF-kappaB1
  • deltaCREB
  • CREB
  • Ik-1
  • NF-kappaB2
  • NF-kappaB
  • Msx-1

Genomic Locations for PRDX3 Gene

Genomic Locations for PRDX3 Gene
11,167 bases
Minus strand
11,131 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PRDX3 Gene

Genes around PRDX3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PRDX3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PRDX3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PRDX3 Gene

Proteins for PRDX3 Gene

  • Protein details for PRDX3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Thioredoxin-dependent peroxide reductase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R7Z0
    • D3DRC9
    • E9PH29
    • P35690
    • Q0D2H1
    • Q13776
    • Q5T5V2
    • Q96HK4

    Protein attributes for PRDX3 Gene

    256 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27693 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked, upon oxidation. 6 homodimers assemble to form a ring-like dodecamer (PubMed:17707404, PubMed:27238969). Interacts with NEK6 (PubMed:20873783). Interacts with LRRK2 (PubMed:21850687). Interacts with MAP3K13 (PubMed:12492477). Interacts with RPS6KC1 (via PX domain) (PubMed:15750338).
    • The active site is a conserved redox-active cysteine residue, the peroxidatic cysteine (C(P)), which makes the nucleophilic attack on the peroxide substrate. The peroxide oxidizes the C(P)-SH to cysteine sulfenic acid (C(P)-SOH), which then reacts with another cysteine residue, the resolving cysteine (C(R)), to form a disulfide bridge. The disulfide is subsequently reduced by an appropriate electron donor to complete the catalytic cycle. In this typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin, C(R) is provided by the other dimeric subunit to form an intersubunit disulfide. The disulfide is subsequently reduced by thioredoxin.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PRDX3 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PRDX3 Gene


neXtProt entry for PRDX3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PRDX3 Gene

  • Phosphorylated by LRRK2; phosphorylation reduces perodixase activity.
  • The enzyme can be inactivated by further oxidation of the cysteine sulfenic acid (C(P)-SOH) to sulphinic acid (C(P)-SO2H) and sulphonic acid (C(P)-SO3H) instead of its condensation to a disulfide bond.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys253 and Lys149
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PRDX3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PRDX3 Gene

Domains & Families for PRDX3 Gene

Gene Families for PRDX3 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PRDX3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the peroxiredoxin family. AhpC/Prx1 subfamily.
  • Belongs to the peroxiredoxin family. AhpC/Prx1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PRDX3: view

Function for PRDX3 Gene

Molecular function for PRDX3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Thiol-specific peroxidase that catalyzes the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and organic hydroperoxides to water and alcohols, respectively. Plays a role in cell protection against oxidative stress by detoxifying peroxides (PubMed:7733872, PubMed:17707404). Acts synergistically with MAP3K13 to regulate the activation of NF-kappa-B in the cytosol (PubMed:12492477).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
2 R-SH + ROOH = R-S-S-R + H(2)O + ROH.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PRDX3 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PRDX3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PRDX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004601 peroxidase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15750338
GO:0008022 protein C-terminus binding IPI 17060495
GO:0008379 thioredoxin peroxidase activity IDA 21850687
GO:0008785 alkyl hydroperoxide reductase activity NAS 7733872
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRDX3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PRDX3: view

Animal Models for PRDX3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PRDX3:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PRDX3

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PRDX3 Gene

Localization for PRDX3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRDX3 Gene

Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm. Early endosome. Note=Localizes to early endosomes in a RPS6KC1-dependent manner. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15750338}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PRDX3 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 5
endosome 5
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PRDX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IDA 18205602
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA,IDA 17893648
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
GO:0005768 endosome IEA --
GO:0005769 early endosome IDA,IEA 15750338
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRDX3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for PRDX3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PRDX3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PRDX3: view

Pathways by source for PRDX3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PRDX3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001893 maternal placenta development IEA --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress IMP,IEA 18195003
GO:0007005 mitochondrion organization IMP 12011429
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IDA 12011429
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PRDX3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PRDX3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PRDX3 Gene

(4) Drugs for PRDX3 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Water Approved Pharma 0

(3) Additional Compounds for PRDX3 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PRDX3: view

Transcripts for PRDX3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PRDX3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PRDX3 Gene

Peroxiredoxin 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PRDX3

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PRDX3 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - - -
SP3: - - -

Relevant External Links for PRDX3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PRDX3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PRDX3 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PRDX3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver, secretome (7.3) and Adrenal (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PRDX3 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PRDX3 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PRDX3 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PRDX3 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PRDX3 Gene

  • Nervous system(5)
  • Liver(4.9)
  • Blood(4.8)
  • Lung(4.8)
  • Kidney(4.4)
  • Muscle(3.8)
  • Skin(3.5)
  • Intestine(3.3)
  • Pancreas(3.1)
  • Heart(2.9)
  • Adrenal gland(2.8)
  • Eye(2.2)
  • Thyroid gland(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PRDX3: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PRDX3 Gene

Orthologs for PRDX3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PRDX3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PRDX3 34 33
  • 99.61 (n)
-- 34
  • 99 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 91 (a)
PRDX3 33
  • 88.15 (n)
-- 34
  • 88 (a)
-- 34
  • 86 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PRDX3 34 33
  • 88.8 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Prdx3 16 34 33
  • 84.24 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PRDX3 34
  • 84 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Prdx3 33
  • 83.2 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PRDX3 34
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PRDX3 34 33
  • 71.73 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia prdx3 33
  • 70.69 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii prdx3 34 33
  • 66.8 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Jafrac1 35
  • 64 (a)
Prx5037 35
  • 63 (a)
Prx3 34 33
  • 61.74 (n)
CG6888 35
  • 56 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta TPX1 33
  • 58.6 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea R07E5.2 35
  • 66 (a)
prdx-3 34 33
  • 60.43 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AER312W 33
  • 59.55 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes TSA1 34
  • 59 (a)
TSA2 34 33
  • 57.12 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0B01628g 33
  • 58.68 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.4391 34
  • 66 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PRDX3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PRDX3 Gene

Gene Tree for PRDX3 (if available)
Gene Tree for PRDX3 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PRDX3: view image

Paralogs for PRDX3 Gene

Paralogs for PRDX3 Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for PRDX3 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • E9PH29_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PRDX3: view

Variants for PRDX3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PRDX3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000056372 -- 119,179,269(-) A/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000086979 -- 119,178,954(-) G/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000696596 -- 119,170,661(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000864425 -- 119,168,807(-) C/G intron_variant
rs1000935516 -- 119,174,312(-) C/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PRDX3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1041093 CNV gain 25217958
nsv552214 CNV loss 21841781
nsv825583 CNV gain 20364138
nsv825584 CNV gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for PRDX3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 36.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.29; 41.02% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PRDX3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PRDX3 Gene

Disorders for PRDX3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for PRDX3 Gene - From: GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
fuchs' endothelial dystrophy
  • fced
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PRDX3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for PRDX3

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PRDX3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PRDX3 Gene

Publications for PRDX3 Gene

  1. Mammalian antioxidant protein complements alkylhydroperoxide reductase (ahpC) mutation in Escherichia coli. (PMID: 7733872) Tsuji K … Obinata M (The Biochemical journal 1995) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Redox potential and peroxide reactivity of human peroxiredoxin 3. (PMID: 19462976) Cox AG … Hampton MB (Biochemistry 2009) 3 4 22 58
  3. Mutations in LRRK2 increase phosphorylation of peroxiredoxin 3 exacerbating oxidative stress-induced neuronal death. (PMID: 21850687) Angeles DC … Tan EK (Human mutation 2011) 3 4 58
  4. Characterization of hNek6 interactome reveals an important role for its short N-terminal domain and colocalization with proteins at the centrosome. (PMID: 20873783) Vaz Meirelles G … Kobarg J (Journal of proteome research 2010) 3 4 58
  5. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58

Products for PRDX3 Gene

Sources for PRDX3 Gene

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