Aliases for PRDM16 Gene
External Ids for PRDM16 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PRDM16 Gene
The reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) occurs in a subset of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This gene is located near the 1p36.3 breakpoint and has been shown to be specifically expressed in the t(1:3)(p36,q21)-positive MDS/AML. The protein encoded by this gene is a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain. The translocation results in the overexpression of a truncated version of this protein that lacks the PR domain, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PRDM16 Gene
PRDM16 (PR/SET Domain 16) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PRDM16 include Left Ventricular Noncompaction 8 and Left Ventricular Noncompaction. Among its related pathways are Chromatin organization and Lysine degradation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is MECOM.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PRDM16 Gene
Binds DNA and functions as a transcriptional regulator (PubMed:12816872). Displays histone methyltransferase activity and monomethylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3 (H3K9me1) in vitro (By similarity). Probably catalyzes the monomethylation of free histone H3 in the cytoplasm which is then transported to the nucleus and incorporated into nucleosomes where SUV39H methyltransferases use it as a substrate to catalyze histone H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation (By similarity). Likely to be one of the primary histone methyltransferases along with MECOM/PRDM3 that direct cytoplasmic H3K9me1 methylation (By similarity). Functions in the differentiation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) which is specialized in dissipating chemical energy in the form of heat in response to cold or excess feeding while white adipose tissue (WAT) is specialized in the storage of excess energy and the control of systemic metabolism (By similarity). Together with CEBPB, regulates the differentiation of myoblastic precursors into brown adipose cells (By similarity). Functions as a repressor of TGF-beta signaling (PubMed:19049980).
[Isoform 4]: Binds DNA and functions as a transcriptional regulator (PubMed:12816872). Functions as a repressor of TGF-beta signaling (PubMed:14656887). May regulate granulocyte differentiation (PubMed:12816872).