Aliases for PPHLN1 Gene
External Ids for PPHLN1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PPHLN1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is one of the several proteins that become sequentially incorporated into the cornified cell envelope during the terminal differentiation of keratinocyte at the outer layers of epidermis. This protein interacts with periplakin, which is known as a precursor of the cornified cell envelope. The cellular localization pattern and insolubility of this protein suggest that it may play a role in epithelial differentiation and contribute to epidermal integrity and barrier formation. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PPHLN1 Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PPHLN1 Gene
Component of the HUSH complex, a multiprotein complex that mediates epigenetic repression. The HUSH complex is recruited to genomic loci rich in H3K9me3 and is probably required to maintain transcriptional silencing by promoting recruitment of SETDB1, a histone methyltransferase that mediates further deposition of H3K9me3. In the HUSH complex, contributes to the maintenance of the complex at chromatin (PubMed:26022416). Acts as a transcriptional corepressor and regulates the cell cycle, probably via the HUSH complex (PubMed:15474462, PubMed:17963697). The HUSH complex is also involved in the silencing of unintegrated retroviral DNA: some part of the retroviral DNA formed immediately after infection remains unintegrated in the host genome and is transcriptionally repressed (PubMed:30487602). May be involved in epithelial differentiation by contributing to epidermal integrity and barrier formation (PubMed:12853457).