This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene is PPAR-gamma and is a regulator of... See more...

Aliases for PPARG Gene

Aliases for PPARG Gene

  • Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma 2 3 5
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma 2 3 4
  • Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1 Group C Member 3 3 4
  • PPAR-Gamma 3 4
  • NR1C3 3 4
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Nuclear Receptor Gamma Variant 1 3
  • Peroxisome Proliferative Activated Receptor, Gamma 2
  • PPARgamma 3
  • PPARG1 3
  • PPARG2 3
  • CIMT1 3
  • GLM1 3

External Ids for PPARG Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PPARG Gene

  • GC03P012258
  • GC03P012304
  • GC03P012305
  • GC03P012263
  • GC03P012328

Summaries for PPARG Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PPARG Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene is PPAR-gamma and is a regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Additionally, PPAR-gamma has been implicated in the pathology of numerous diseases including obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PPARG Gene

PPARG (Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PPARG include Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial, Type 3 and Carotid Intimal Medial Thickness 1. Among its related pathways are Endometrial cancer and Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is PPARA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PPARG Gene

  • Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).
  • (Microbial infection) Upon treatment with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH, phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and IL-6 production are modulated, probably via this protein.

Tocris Summary for PPARG Gene

  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors that heterodimerize with the retinoic X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene expression.

Gene Wiki entry for PPARG Gene

Additional gene information for PPARG Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for PPARG Gene

Genomics for PPARG Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PPARG Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PPARG Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J012286 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 767.3 +3.8 3838 8.8 ZNF785 RBPJ POLR2A ZNF133 HLF SREBF1 SP7 PRDM1 GLIS2 ZIC2 PPARG SYN2 TIMP4 TSEN2 TAMM41 NONHSAG034457.2 L13713-146
GH03J012351 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 761.5 +63.8 63846 0.4 MAX SP1 RXRA CEBPB RCOR1 JUND MXI1 EP300 RFX5 ATF3 PPARG TIMP4 SYN2 ENSG00000225026 lnc-SYN2-1 piR-31534-479 NONHSAG034457.2
GH03J012191 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 22.6 -93.5 -93489 3.9 ZNF785 SP1 SMARCE1 JUND MYC ETV6 RELA L3MBTL2 MAX RAD21 SYN2 PPARG TAMM41 TSEN2 TIMP4 VGLL4 ENSG00000271716 RAF1 piR-41151 lnc-TIMP4-5
GH03J012307 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 30.3 +21.2 21208 2.6 ELF3 MAFK ELF1 HNF1A CEBPA REST SOX13 JUND ATF3 SP1 PPARG TSEN2 TIMP4 SYN2 L13713-146 NONHSAG034457.2 ENSG00000225026 lnc-SYN2-1
GH03J012344 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.7 +58.2 58233 1.6 ZNF362 MAFK SP7 ZSCAN21 KLF14 TCF7L2 BRCA1 ZEB2 ZNF629 CEBPB SYN2 PPARG TSEN2 TAMM41 VGLL4 TIMP4 ENSG00000225026 lnc-SYN2-1 piR-31534-479 NONHSAG034457.2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PPARG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PPARG gene promoter:
  • C/EBPalpha
  • CREB
  • deltaCREB

Genomic Locations for PPARG Gene

Genomic Locations for PPARG Gene
chr3:12,287,368-12,471,013
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
183,646 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr3:12,328,867-12,475,855
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
146,989 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PPARG Gene

Genes around PPARG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PPARG Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PPARG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PPARG Gene

Proteins for PPARG Gene

  • Protein details for PPARG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P37231-PPARG_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
    Protein Accession:
    P37231
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K3G6
    • B5BUA1
    • O00684
    • O00710
    • O14515
    • Q0QJH8
    • Q15178
    • Q15179
    • Q15180
    • Q15832
    • Q86U60
    • Q96J12

    Protein attributes for PPARG Gene

    Size:
    505 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57620 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with FOXO1 (acetylated form) (By similarity). Heterodimer with other nuclear receptors, such as RXRA. The heterodimer with the retinoic acid receptor RXRA is called adipocyte-specific transcription factor ARF6. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with coactivator PPARBP, leading to a mild increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with NOCA7 in a ligand-inducible manner. Interacts with NCOA1 and NCOA2 LXXLL motifs. Interacts with ASXL1, ASXL2, DNTTIP2, FAM120B, MAP2K1/MEK1, NR0B2, PDPK1, PRDM16, PRMT2 and TGFB1I1. Interacts (when activated by agonist) with PPP5C. Interacts with HELZ2 and THRAP3; the interaction stimulates the transcriptional activity of PPARG. Interacts with PER2, the interaction is ligand dependent and blocks PPARG recruitment to target promoters. Interacts with NOCT. Interacts with ACTN4. Interacts (when in the liganded conformation) with GPS2 (By similarity). Interacts with CRY1 and CRY2 in a ligand-dependent manner (By similarity). In the absence of hormonal ligand, interacts with TACC1 (PubMed:20078863).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAN38992.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA23354.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAF83270.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA62153.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PPARG Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PPARG Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PPARG Gene

Post-translational modifications for PPARG Gene

  • O-GlcNAcylation at Thr-84 reduces transcriptional activity in adipocytes.
  • Phosphorylated in basal conditions and dephosphorylated when treated with the ligand. May be dephosphorylated by PPP5C. The phosphorylated form may be inactive and dephosphorylation at Ser-112 induces adipogenic activity (By similarity).
  • Glycosylation at Thr84
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PPARG Gene

Domains & Families for PPARG Gene

Gene Families for PPARG Gene

HGNC:
IUPHAR :
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Nuclear receptors
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Transcription factors

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PPARG Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (B6ZGS2_HUMAN)
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptor gamma variant 1 (D2KUA6_HUMAN)
  • Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3 (PPARG_HUMAN)
  • Peroxisome proliferative activated receptor gamma (Q4W4C6_HUMAN)
  • Peroxisome proliferative activated receptor gamma (Q4W4C7_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P37231

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PPARG_HUMAN :
  • The 9aaTAD motif is a transactivation domain present in a large number of yeast and animal transcription factors.
  • Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.
Domain:
  • The 9aaTAD motif is a transactivation domain present in a large number of yeast and animal transcription factors.
Family:
  • Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PPARG: view

Function for PPARG Gene

Molecular function for PPARG Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
(Microbial infection) Upon treatment with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH, phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and IL-6 production are modulated, probably via this protein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
PDPK1 activates its transcriptional activity independently of its kinase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
(Microbial infection) Expression increases when incubated with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH; induction is TLR2-dependent (at protein level).
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor,steroid/thyroid hormone coactivator receptor superfamily,heterodimerizing with RXR*,coactivated by SRCO1,expressed (isoform 1) in the diploid trophoblast lineages and required for placental development,expressed at low levels in preadipocytes,induced by CEBPB and CEBPD,coexpressed with and coregulated by PPARG,jointly required for full adipocyte differentiation and fat deposition with variability influencing plasma leptin levels in obese humans,modulator of insulin sensitivity and control of glucose homostasis and blood pressure and activation of antidiabetic effect of thiazolidinediones,negative regulator of macrophage activation,inhibiting production of monocyte inflammatory cytokines,increasing PAI1 expression in endothelial cells.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PPARG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000976 transcription regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IBA 21873635
GO:0000977 RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IBA 21873635
GO:0000981 DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific NAS 19274049
GO:0001103 RNA polymerase II repressing transcription factor binding IBA 21873635
GO:0001227 DNA-binding transcription repressor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PPARG: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PPARG Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PPARG Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PPARG:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PPARG

CRISPR Products

Targeted motifs for PPARG Gene
HOMER Transcription Factor Regulatory Elements motif PPARG
  • Consensus sequence: TGACCTTTGCCCCA Submotif: DR1 Cell Type: 3T3L1 GEO ID: GSE13511

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PPARG

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) and Transcription Factor Targets for PPARG Gene

Localization for PPARG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Redistributed from the nucleus to the cytosol through a MAP2K1/MEK1-dependent manner. NOCT enhances its nuclear translocation.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PPARG gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
peroxisome 4
cytosol 4
extracellular 3
mitochondrion 3
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleus (4)
  • Vesicles (4)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA,IDA 9568716
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol ISS --
GO:0032991 protein-containing complex IDA 19043829
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view

Pathways & Interactions for PPARG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PPARG: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PPARG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II ISS --
GO:0001890 placenta development ISS --
GO:0002674 negative regulation of acute inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PPARG: view

Drugs & Compounds for PPARG Gene

(209) Drugs for PPARG Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Rosiglitazone Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Channel blocker, Activator, Activation, Target, agonist Potent PPARγ agonist, Potent and selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent. 224
Pioglitazone Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Channel blocker, Target, agonist 469
Bezafibrate Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist, Target, agonist 15
Indomethacin Approved, Investigational Pharma Partial agonist, Agonist, Full agonist, Inhibition, Inhibitor, Target, activator, inhibitor Cox inhibitor 141
Balsalazide Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, agonist, inhibitor 7

(84) Additional Compounds for PPARG Gene - From: HMDB, Novoseek, IUPHAR, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
15-deoxy-delta 12 14-prostaglandin J2
Full agonist, Agonist
CDDO
Partial agonist, Agonist
thiazolidinone
Partial agonist, Agonist
(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (e)-S-2-Decenoate
  • (e)-S-2-Decenoate CoA
  • (e)-S-2-Decenoate coenzyme A
  • (e)-S-2-Decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
10018-95-8
(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA
1066-12-2

(5) Tocris Compounds for PPARG Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Ciglitazone Selective PPARgamma agonist 74772-77-3
GW 1929 hydrochloride Selective PPARgamma agonist. Orally active 1217466-21-1
nTZDpa Potent, selective PPARgamma partial agonist 118414-59-8
Rosiglitazone Potent and selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent. 122320-73-4
Troglitazone Selective PPARgamma agonist; antidiabetic agent 97322-87-7

(30) ApexBio Compounds for PPARG Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
15-deoxy-Δ-12,14-Prostaglandin J2 87893-55-8
2-(4-((2-(4-(Trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-5-methylthiazol-4-yl)methylthio)-2- methylphenoxy)acetic acid 317318-70-0
Aleglitazar PPARα/PPARγagonist 475479-34-6
AUDA 479413-70-2
BADGE 1675-54-3
Balaglitazone PPAR-γ partial agonist 199113-98-9
Bezafibrate 41859-67-0
Ciglitazone 74772-77-3
Ciprofibrate 52214-84-3
CP 775146 702680-17-9
Fenofibrate 49562-28-9
Gemfibrozil 25812-30-0
GSK 0660 1014691-61-2
GW 7647 265129-71-3
GW1929 Potent PPARγ agonist 196808-24-9
GW9662 PPARγ antagonist 22978-25-2
Inolitazone PPARgamma agonist 223132-37-4
Inolitazone dihydrochloride PPARγ agonist,high-affinity and novel 223132-38-5
nTZDpa 118414-59-8
Pioglitazone 111025-46-8
Pioglitazone HCl PPARγ agonist 112529-15-4
Rosiglitazone Potent PPARγ agonist 122320-73-4
Rosiglitazone HCl 302543-62-0
Rosiglitazone maleate PPARγ agonist,high-affinity and selective,potent insulin sensitizer 155141-29-0
S26948 353280-43-0
SR 1664 1338259-05-4
SR 202 PPAR antagonist 76541-72-5
T0070907 Human PPARγ antagonist,potent and selective 313516-66-4
Tesaglitazar 251565-85-2
Troglitazone Selective PPARγ agonist 97322-87-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PPARG: view

Transcripts for PPARG Gene

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PPARG

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PPARG Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b · 9c ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b · 13c
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3:
SP4: - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - -
SP7: -
SP8: - - - - - - -
SP9: - - - - -

Relevant External Links for PPARG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PPARG
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PPARG

Expression for PPARG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PPARG Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PPARG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x9.0), Adipose - Subcutaneous (x8.6), and Breast - Mammary Tissue (x5.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PPARG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Placenta (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PPARG Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for PPARG Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PPARG Gene:

PPARG

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PPARG Gene:

Hs.162646

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PPARG Gene:

P37231-PPARG_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highest expression in adipose tissue. Lower in skeletal muscle, spleen, heart and liver. Also detectable in placenta, lung and ovary.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PPARG Gene

  • Heart(4.6)
  • Bone marrow(4.5)
  • Liver(3.5)
  • Muscle(3.4)
  • Intestine(3.3)
  • Blood(3)
  • Kidney(3)
  • Lung(2.9)
  • Nervous system(2.8)
  • Thyroid gland(2.7)
  • Skin(2.6)
  • Spleen(2.6)
  • Stomach(2.5)
  • Bone(2.4)
  • Pancreas(2.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PPARG Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • ear
  • eye
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • jaw
  • larynx
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • pituitary gland
  • salivary gland
  • skull
  • thyroid
  • tooth
Thorax:
  • breast
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • diaphragm
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
Abdomen:
  • abdominal wall
  • duodenum
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • small intestine
  • spleen
  • stomach
Pelvis:
  • fallopian tube
  • ovary
  • pelvis
  • penis
  • placenta
  • prostate
  • testicle
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vas deferens
  • vulva
Limb:
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • hair
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • sweat gland
  • vertebrae
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PPARG: view

Orthologs for PPARG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PPARG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PPARG 33 32
  • 99.54 (n)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PPARG 33
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PPARG 33 32
  • 92.34 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PPARG 33 32
  • 91.02 (n)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pparg 17 33 32
  • 90.1 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pparg 32
  • 89.83 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PPARG 33
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PPARG 33 32
  • 82.25 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PPARG 33
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.16633 32
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia PPARg 32
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pparg 33 32
  • 67.02 (n)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Eip75B 34
  • 32 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea sex-1 34
  • 27 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 33
  • 24 (a)
OneToMany
Cin.186 32
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.186 32
Species where no ortholog for PPARG was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PPARG Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PPARG (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PPARG (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PPARG: view image

Paralogs for PPARG Gene

(36) SIMAP similar genes for PPARG Gene using alignment to 12 proteins:

  • PPARG_HUMAN
  • D2KUA6_HUMAN
  • E7EU07_HUMAN
  • E7EUD1_HUMAN
  • E9PFJ1_HUMAN
  • E9PFV2_HUMAN
  • E9PFV3_HUMAN
  • E9PFX5_HUMAN
  • Q4W448_HUMAN
  • Q4W4C6_HUMAN
  • Q4W4C7_HUMAN
  • Q6L9M1_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PPARG: view

Variants for PPARG Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene

PPARG_HUMAN-P37231
Genetic variations in PPARG define the body mass index quantitative trait locus 1 (BMIQ1) [MIM:606641]. The body max index (BMI) reflects the amount of fat, lean mass, and body build.
PPARG_HUMAN-P37231
Genetic variations in PPARG influence the carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT) [MIM:609338]. CIMT is a measure of atherosclerosis that is independently associated with traditional atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk factors and coronary atherosclerotic burden. 35 to 45% of the variability in multivariable-adjusted CIMT is explained by genetic factors.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PPARG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs112174008 uncertain-significance, Familial partial lipodystrophy, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, with Acanthosis Nigricans and Hypertension 12,379,861(+) C/T 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs121909242 pathogenic, Carcinoma of colon, Colon cancer 12,416,825(+) A/C coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs121909243 pathogenic, Carcinoma of colon 12,416,923(+) A/T coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, stop_gained
rs121909244 likely-pathogenic, uncertain-significance, Familial partial lipodystrophy 3, Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, with Acanthosis Nigricans and Hypertension, Obesity, - 12,434,111(+) C/A/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, missense_variant
rs121909245 pathogenic, Familial partial lipodystrophy 3 12,392,701(+) T/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PPARG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv763e201 CNV deletion 23290073
dgv850e199 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2661678 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2669014 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2724933 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3561485 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3595320 CNV loss 21293372
esv3595321 CNV loss 21293372
esv3595322 CNV gain 21293372
esv3595323 CNV gain 21293372
esv4138 CNV loss 18987735
esv7808 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1000995 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1073206 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1112379 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1131682 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1147269 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv3702 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv589700 CNV loss 21841781
nsv7351 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv979804 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for PPARG Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 15.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.88; 67.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PPARG Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PPARG
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PPARG

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

Disorders for PPARG Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(67) MalaCards diseases for PPARG Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards