Aliases for POLRMT Gene
External Ids for POLRMT Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for POLRMT Gene
This gene encodes a mitochondrial DNA-directed RNA polymerase. The gene product is responsible for mitochondrial gene expression as well as for providing RNA primers for initiation of replication of the mitochondrial genome. Although this polypeptide has the same function as the three nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerases, it is more closely related to RNA polymerases of phage and mitochondrial polymerases of lower eukaryotes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for POLRMT Gene
POLRMT (RNA Polymerase Mitochondrial) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with POLRMT include Autosomal Dominant Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia and Mitochondrial Dna Depletion Syndrome 4A. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Mitochondrial Gene Expression. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-directed 5'-3' RNA polymerase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for POLRMT Gene
DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of mitochondrial DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates (PubMed:21278163). Component of the mitochondrial transcription initiation complex, composed at least of TFB2M, TFAM and POLRMT that is required for basal transcription of mitochondrial DNA (PubMed:29149603). In this complex, TFAM recruits POLRMT to a specific promoter whereas TFB2M induces structural changes in POLRMT to enable promoter opening and trapping of the DNA non-template strand (PubMed:29149603).