Aliases for POLN Gene
External Ids for POLN Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for POLN Gene
This gene encodes a DNA polymerase type-A family member. The encoded protein plays a role in DNA repair and homologous recombination. This gene shares its 5' exons with some transcripts from overlapping GeneID: 79441, which encodes an augmentin-like protein complex subunit. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
GeneCards Summary for POLN Gene
POLN (DNA Polymerase Nu) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with POLN include Trichothiodystrophy 5, Nonphotosensitive and Xeroderma Pigmentosum, Variant Type. Among its related pathways are DNA Double-Strand Break Repair and Fanconi anemia pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and cyclin binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for POLN Gene
DNA polymerase with very low fidelity that catalyzes considerable misincorporation by inserting dTTP opposite a G template, and dGTP opposite a T template (PubMed:16787914, PubMed:17118716). Is the least accurate of the DNA polymerase A family (i.e. POLG, POLN and POLQ) (PubMed:17118716). Can perform accurate translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) past a 5S-thymine glycol. Can perform efficient strand displacement past a nick or a gap and gives rise to an amount of product similar to that on non-damaged template. Has no exonuclease activity (PubMed:16787914). Error-prone DNA polymerase that preferentially misincorporates dT regardless of template sequence (PubMed:25775266). May play a role in TLS during interstrand cross-link (ICL) repair (PubMed:19908865). May be involved in TLS when genomic replication is blocked by extremely large major groove DNA lesions. May function in the bypass of some DNA-protein and DNA-DNA cross-links. May have a role in cellular tolerance to DNA cross-linking agents (PubMed:20102227). Involved in the repair of DNA cross-links and double-strand break (DSB) resistance. Participates in FANCD2-mediated repair. Forms a complex with HELQ helicase that participates in homologous recombination (HR) repair and is essential for cellular protection against DNA cross-links (PubMed:19995904).