Aliases for PNLIP Gene
External Ids for PNLIP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PNLIP Gene
This gene encodes a member of the lipase family of proteins. The encoded enzyme is secreted by the pancreas and hydrolyzes triglycerides in the small intestine, and is essential for the efficient digestion of dietary fats. Inhibition of the encoded enzyme may prevent high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice and result in weight loss in human patients with obesity. Mutations in this gene cause congenital pancreatic lipase deficiency, a rare disorder characterized by steatorrhea. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PNLIP Gene
PNLIP (Pancreatic Lipase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PNLIP include Pancreatic Lipase Deficiency and Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carboxylic ester hydrolase activity and triglyceride lipase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PNLIPRP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PNLIP Gene
Plays an important role in fat metabolism. It preferentially splits the esters of long-chain fatty acids at positions 1 and 3, producing mainly 2-monoacylglycerol and free fatty acids, and shows considerably higher activity against insoluble emulsified substrates than against soluble ones.
Lipases are esterase enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds within hydrophobic lipids. The diverse class of lipase enzymes includes diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and endothelial lipase (LIPG).