Aliases for PLPP2 Gene
External Ids for PLPP2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLPP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLPP2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in de novo synthesis of glycerolipids as well as in receptor-activated signal transduction mediated by phospholipase D. This protein is similar to phosphatidic acid phosphatase type 2A (PPAP2A) and type 2B (PPAP2B). All three proteins contain 6 transmembrane regions, and a consensus N-glycosylation site. This protein has been shown to possess membrane associated PAP activity. Three alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PLPP2 Gene
PLPP2 (Phospholipid Phosphatase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLPP2 include Myxosarcoma. Among its related pathways are triacylglycerol biosynthesis and Sphingolipid metabolism. An important paralog of this gene is PLPP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLPP2 Gene
Magnesium-independent phospholipid phosphatase that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of a variety of glycerolipid and sphingolipid phosphate esters including phosphatidate/PA, lysophosphatidate/LPA, sphingosine 1-phosphate/S1P and ceramide 1-phosphate/C1P (PubMed:9705349, PubMed:9607309, PubMed:16467304). Has no apparent extracellular phosphatase activity and therefore most probably acts intracellularly (PubMed:16467304). Also acts on N-oleoyl ethanolamine phosphate/N-(9Z-octadecenoyl)-ethanolamine phosphate, a potential physiological compound (PubMed:9607309). Through dephosphorylation of these bioactive lipid mediators produces new bioactive compounds and may regulate signal transduction in different cellular processes (Probable). Indirectly regulates, for instance, cell cycle G1/S phase transition through its phospholipid phosphatase activity (By similarity).