Aliases for PLPP1 Gene
External Ids for PLPP1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLPP1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) family. PAPs convert phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol, and function in synthesis of glycerolipids and in phospholipase D-mediated signal transduction. This enzyme is an integral membrane glycoprotein that plays a role in the hydrolysis and uptake of lipids from extracellular space. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants of this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
GeneCards Summary for PLPP1 Gene
PLPP1 (Phospholipid Phosphatase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLPP1 include Myxosarcoma. Among its related pathways are Androgen receptor signaling pathway and triacylglycerol biosynthesis. An important paralog of this gene is PLPP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLPP1 Gene
Magnesium-independent phospholipid phosphatase of the plasma membrane that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of a variety of glycerolipid and sphingolipid phosphate esters including phosphatidate/PA, lysophosphatidate/LPA, diacylglycerol pyrophosphate/DGPP, sphingosine 1-phosphate/S1P and ceramide 1-phosphate/C1P (PubMed:9305923, PubMed:9705349, PubMed:9607309, PubMed:10962286, PubMed:17379599). Also acts on N-oleoyl ethanolamine phosphate/N-(9Z-octadecenoyl)-ethanolamine phosphate, a potential physiological compound (PubMed:9607309). Through its extracellular phosphatase activity allows both the hydrolysis and the cellular uptake of these bioactive lipid mediators from the milieu, regulating signal transduction in different cellular processes (PubMed:10962286, PubMed:12909631, PubMed:15461590, PubMed:17379599). It is for instance essential for the extracellular hydrolysis of S1P and subsequent conversion into intracellular S1P (PubMed:17379599). Involved in the regulation of inflammation, platelets activation, cell proliferation and migration among other processes (PubMed:12909631, PubMed:15461590). May also have an intracellular activity to regulate phospholipid-mediated signaling pathways (By similarity).