Aliases for PLOD3 Gene
External Ids for PLOD3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLOD3 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane-bound homodimeric enzyme that is localized to the cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The enzyme (cofactors iron and ascorbate) catalyzes the hydroxylation of lysyl residues in collagen-like peptides. The resultant hydroxylysyl groups are attachment sites for carbohydrates in collagen and thus are critical for the stability of intermolecular crosslinks. Some patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIB have deficiencies in lysyl hydroxylase activity. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PLOD3 Gene
PLOD3 (Procollagen-Lysine,2-Oxoglutarate 5-Dioxygenase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLOD3 include Bone Fragility With Contractures, Arterial Rupture, And Deafness and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Collagen chain trimerization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include oxidoreductase activity and oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen. An important paralog of this gene is PLOD2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLOD3 Gene
Multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes a series of essential post-translational modifications on Lys residues in procollagen (PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Plays a redundant role in catalyzing the formation of hydroxylysine residues in -Xaa-Lys-Gly- sequences in collagens (PubMed:9582318, PubMed:9724729, PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Plays a redundant role in catalyzing the transfer of galactose onto hydroxylysine groups, giving rise to galactosyl 5-hydroxylysine (PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Has an essential role by catalyzing the subsequent transfer of glucose moieties, giving rise to 1,2-glucosylgalactosyl-5-hydroxylysine residues (PubMed:10934207, PubMed:11896059, PubMed:11956192, PubMed:12475640, PubMed:18298658, PubMed:30089812, PubMed:18834968). Catalyzes hydroxylation and glycosylation of Lys residues in the MBL1 collagen-like domain, giving rise to hydroxylysine and 1,2-glucosylgalactosyl-5-hydroxylysine residues (PubMed:25419660). Essential for normal biosynthesis and secretion of type IV collagens (PubMed:18834968) (Probable). Essential for normal formation of basement membranes (By similarity).