External Ids for PLN Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLN Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLN Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is found as a pentamer and is a major substrate for the cAMP-dependent protein kinase in cardiac muscle. The encoded protein is an inhibitor of cardiac muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase in the unphosphorylated state, but inhibition is relieved upon phosphorylation of the protein. The subsequent activation of the Ca(2+) pump leads to enhanced muscle relaxation rates, thereby contributing to the inotropic response elicited in heart by beta-agonists. The encoded protein is a key regulator of cardiac diastolic function. Mutations in this gene are a cause of inherited human dilated cardiomyopathy with refractory congestive heart failure, and also familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PLN Gene
PLN (Phospholamban) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLN include Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, 1P and Cardiomyopathy, Familial Hypertrophic, 18. Among its related pathways are Cardiac conduction and Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and enzyme inhibitor activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLN Gene
Reversibly inhibits the activity of ATP2A2 in cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum by decreasing the apparent affinity of the ATPase for Ca(2+). Modulates the contractility of the heart muscle in response to physiological stimuli via its effects on ATP2A2. Modulates calcium re-uptake during muscle relaxation and plays an important role in calcium homeostasis in the heart muscle. The degree of ATP2A2 inhibition depends on the oligomeric state of PLN. ATP2A2 inhibition is alleviated by PLN phosphorylation.