Aliases for PLIN5 Gene
External Ids for PLIN5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLIN5 Gene
Members of the perilipin family, such as PLIN5, coat intracellular lipid storage droplets and protect them from lipolytic degradation (Dalen et al., 2007 [PubMed 17234449]).[supplied by OMIM, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PLIN5 Gene
PLIN5 (Perilipin 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are PPAR signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and lipase binding. An important paralog of this gene is PLIN3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLIN5 Gene
Lipid droplet-associated protein that maintains the balance between lipogenesis and lipolysis and also regulates fatty acid oxidation in oxidative tissues. Recruits mitochondria to the surface of lipid droplets and is involved in lipid droplet homeostasis by regulating both the storage of fatty acids in the form of triglycerides and the release of fatty acids for mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. In lipid droplet triacylglycerol hydrolysis, plays a role as a scaffolding protein for three major key lipolytic players: ABHD5, PNPLA2 and LIPE. Reduces the triacylglycerol hydrolase activity of PNPLA2 by recruiting and sequestering PNPLA2 to lipid droplets. Phosphorylation by PKA enables lipolysis probably by promoting release of ABHD5 from the perilipin scaffold and by facilitating interaction of ABHD5 with PNPLA2. Also increases lipolysis through interaction with LIPE and upon PKA-mediated phosphorylation of LIPE (By similarity).