Aliases for PLCE1 Gene
External Ids for PLCE1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCE1 Gene
This gene encodes a phospholipase enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate to generate two second messengers: inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). These second messengers subsequently regulate various processes affecting cell growth, differentiation, and gene expression. This enzyme is regulated by small monomeric GTPases of the Ras and Rho families and by heterotrimeric G proteins. In addition to its phospholipase C catalytic activity, this enzyme has an N-terminal domain with guanine nucleotide exchange (GEF) activity. Mutations in this gene cause early-onset nephrotic syndrome; characterized by proteinuria, edema, and diffuse mesangial sclerosis or focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for PLCE1 Gene
PLCE1 (Phospholipase C Epsilon 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCE1 include Nephrotic Syndrome, Type 3 and Sporadic Idiopathic Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome With Diffuse Mesangial Sclerosis. Among its related pathways are NFAT and Cardiac Hypertrophy and Primary Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis FSGS. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCG2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCE1 Gene
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. PLCE1 is a bifunctional enzyme which also regulates small GTPases of the Ras superfamily through its Ras guanine-exchange factor (RasGEF) activity. As an effector of heterotrimeric and small G-protein, it may play a role in cell survival, cell growth, actin organization and T-cell activation.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.