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Aliases for PLCD1 Gene

Aliases for PLCD1 Gene

  • Phospholipase C Delta 1 2 3 5
  • 1-Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate Phosphodiesterase Delta-1 2 3
  • Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C-Delta-1 3 4
  • Phospholipase C-III 3 4
  • PLC-Delta-1 3 4
  • PLC-III 3 4
  • Phospholipase C, Delta 1 2
  • Phospholipase C-Delta-1 4
  • Phospholipase C I 1 3
  • Phospholipase C δ1 2
  • EC 4
  • NDNC3 3

External Ids for PLCD1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCD1 Gene

  • GC03M037350
  • GC03U900338
  • GC03M038009

Summaries for PLCD1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PLCD1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the phospholipase C family. Phospholipase C isozymes play critical roles in intracellular signal transduction by catalyzing the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) into the second messengers diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol triphosphate (IP3). The encoded protein functions as a tumor suppressor in several types of cancer, and mutations in this gene are a cause of hereditary leukonychia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]

GeneCards Summary for PLCD1 Gene

PLCD1 (Phospholipase C Delta 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCD1 include Nail Disorder, Nonsyndromic Congenital, 3 and Leukonychia Totalis. Among its related pathways are superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds and G-AlphaQ Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phosphoric diester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCD3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCD1 Gene

  • The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. Essential for trophoblast and placental development.

Tocris Summary for PLCD1 Gene

  • Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.

Gene Wiki entry for PLCD1 Gene

Additional gene information for PLCD1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PLCD1 Gene

Genomics for PLCD1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PLCD1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PLCD1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J038028 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 660.1 -0.4 -437 4.3 BCOR MAX BACH1 ZMYM3 ZNF48 RBPJ RBM34 POLR2A EGR1 VEZF1 PLCD1 DLEC1
GH03J038037 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5.9 -9.5 -9477 3 HDAC1 CTCF MXI1 MAX BACH1 SIN3A EBF1 BMI1 ZBTB40 BATF DLEC1 PLCD1 PPP2R2DP1
GH03J038163 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 3 -137.4 -137436 8 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 OXSR1 LOC101928234 GORASP1 C3orf35 ACAA1 MYD88 SLC22A13 ACVR2B-AS1 VILL PLCD1
GH03J038147 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.3 -119.2 -119155 3 HDAC1 ZNF766 GATA2 ATF7 IKZF2 CREM GATAD2B ZEB2 MEF2D MTA1 SLC22A13 VILL MYD88 PLCD1 OXSR1
GH03J038015 Enhancer 0.9 dbSUPER 5 +11.6 11606 6.2 HDAC1 HDGF RB1 NFIB ARNT NFXL1 ZBTB40 TCF12 GATA2 EGR1 VILL ITGA9-AS1 CTDSPL PLCD1 ENSG00000200579
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PLCD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PLCD1 gene promoter:
  • RelA
  • p53
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1

Genomic Locations for PLCD1 Gene

Genomic Locations for PLCD1 Gene
22,267 bases
Minus strand
22,267 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PLCD1 Gene

Genes around PLCD1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PLCD1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PLCD1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PLCD1 Gene

Proteins for PLCD1 Gene

  • Protein details for PLCD1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate phosphodiesterase delta-1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KR14
    • Q86VN8

    Protein attributes for PLCD1 Gene

    756 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    85665 Da
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for PLCD1 Gene


neXtProt entry for PLCD1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PLCD1 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Thr193 and Ser191
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PLCD1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PLCD1 Gene

Domains & Families for PLCD1 Gene

Gene Families for PLCD1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PLCD1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCD1 Gene

Function for PLCD1 Gene

Molecular function for PLCD1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. Essential for trophoblast and placental development.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + H(2)O = 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate + diacylglycerol.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
phospholipase C,delta 1,involved in signal transduction

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PLCD1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PLCD1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PLCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001786 phosphatidylserine binding IEA --
GO:0004435 phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity TAS --
GO:0004629 phospholipase C activity IEA --
GO:0004871 obsolete signal transducer activity IEA --
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLCD1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PLCD1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PLCD1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PLCD1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PLCD1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for PLCD1

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PLCD1

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PLCD1 Gene

Localization for PLCD1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PLCD1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 5
cytosol 4
cytoskeleton 3
nucleus 2
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PLCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 15702972
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLCD1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCD1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PLCD1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PLCD1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PLCD1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001525 angiogenesis IEA --
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006644 phospholipid metabolic process TAS 9588182
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0016042 lipid catabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PLCD1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PLCD1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PLCD1 Gene

(11) Drugs for PLCD1 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Approved Nutra 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
Inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate Experimental Pharma Target 0
AACOCF3 Pharma Inhibitor of cPLA2/anandamide hydrolysis/FAAH, Phospholipase A2 inhibitor 0

(397) Additional Compounds for PLCD1 Gene - From: HMDB, Novoseek, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Diglycerides Group A
  • 1-Myristoyl-2-eicosadienoyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(14:0/20:2)
  • DAG(14:0/20:2N6)
  • DAG(14:0/20:2W6)
  • DAG(34:2)
Diglycerides Group B
  • 1-(9Z-Octadecenoyl)-2-hexadecanoyl-sn-glycerol
  • 1-O-Oleoyl-2-O-palmitoyl-sn-glycerol
  • DG (18:1(9Z)/16:0/0:0)
  • DG(18:1/16:0)
  • Diglyceride
Diglycerides Group C
  • (2R)-2-Hydroxy-3-(pentadecanoyloxy)propyl (11Z,14Z)-icosa-11,14-dienoic acid
  • DAG(15:0/0:0/20:2w6)
  • Diacylglycerol(15:0/0:0/20:2w6)
  • Diacylglycerol(15:0/0:0/20:2)
  • DAG(15:0/0:0/20:2n6)
Diglycerides Group D
  • 1,2-Di-(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z-docosahexaenoyl)-sn-glycerol
  • 1,2-Didocosahexaenoyl-sn-glycerol
  • DAG(22:6/22:6)
  • DAG(22:6N3/22:6N3)
  • DAG(22:6OMEGA3/22:6OMEGA3)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
  • 1,4,5-Insp3
  • D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
  • D-myo-INOSITOL-1,4,5-triphosphATE
  • Ins(1,4,5)P3
  • InsP3

(5) Tocris Compounds for PLCD1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AACOCF3 Phospholipase A2 inhibitor 149301-79-1
Edelfosine Selective PI-PLC inhibitor, also PAF receptor agonist 77286-66-9
m-3M3FBS Phospholipase C activator 200933-14-8
o-3M3FBS Inactive analog of m-3M3FBS (Cat. No. 1941) 313981-55-4
U 73122 Phospholipase C inhibitor 112648-68-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PLCD1: view

Transcripts for PLCD1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PLCD1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PLCD1 Gene

Phospholipase C, delta 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PLCD1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PLCD1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP6: - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - -

ExUns: 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18
SP1: -
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for PLCD1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PLCD1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PLCD1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PLCD1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spinal cord (15.0) and Brain (6.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PLCD1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PLCD1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PLCD1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PLCD1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PLCD1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Liver(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PLCD1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • kidney
  • ureter
  • digit
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PLCD1: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PLCD1 Gene

Orthologs for PLCD1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PLCD1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PLCD1 34 33
  • 98.85 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PLCD1 34 33
  • 90.83 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PLCD1 34 33
  • 89.53 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Plcd1 33
  • 86.67 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Plcd1 16 34 33
  • 86.44 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PLCD1 34
  • 65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PLCD1 34 33
  • 68.56 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PLCD1 34
  • 67 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia plcd1 33
  • 66.58 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii plcd1a 34
  • 55 (a)
plcd1b 34
  • 54 (a)
wufj78d10 33
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0127200 33
  • 47.79 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 39 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PLCD1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PLCD1 Gene

Gene Tree for PLCD1 (if available)
Gene Tree for PLCD1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PLCD1: view image

Paralogs for PLCD1 Gene

Paralogs for PLCD1 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for PLCD1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PLCD1: view

Variants for PLCD1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PLCD1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs375683615 pathogenic, Leukonychia totalis 38,009,108(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs397514470 pathogenic, Leukonychia totalis 38,009,945(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, stop_gained
rs397514471 pathogenic, Leukonychia totalis 38,011,442(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
VAR_066399 Nail disorder, non-syndromic congenital, 3 (NDNC3) [MIM:151600] p.Thr209Arg
VAR_066400 Nail disorder, non-syndromic congenital, 3 (NDNC3) [MIM:151600] p.Ile574Thr

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PLCD1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2759140 CNV loss 17122850
nsv428416 CNV loss 18775914
nsv508911 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv509821 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv522354 CNV loss 19592680
nsv590094 CNV loss 21841781
nsv590101 CNV loss 21841781
nsv822058 CNV gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for PLCD1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.17; 75.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PLCD1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCD1 Gene

Disorders for PLCD1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for PLCD1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
nail disorder, nonsyndromic congenital, 3
  • ndnc3
leukonychia totalis
  • nail disorder, nonsyndromic congenital, 3
knuckle pads, leukonychia, and sensorineural deafness
  • bart-pumphrey syndrome
nail disease
  • abnormality of the nail
corneal dystrophy, fleck
  • cfd
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PLCD1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Nail disorder, non-syndromic congenital, 3 (NDNC3) [MIM:151600]: A nail disorder characterized by a white appearance of the nail plate (true leukonychia), the nail bed (pseudoleukonychia), or neither (apparent leukonychia). Leukonychia may involve all of the nail (leukonychia totalis) or only part of the nail (leukonychia partialis), or can appear as one or more transverse bands (leukonychia striata) or white spots (leukonychia punctata). {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21665001}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for PLCD1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PLCD1: view

No data available for Genatlas for PLCD1 Gene

Publications for PLCD1 Gene

  1. Genomic structure of the human PLCD1 (phospholipase C delta 1) locus on 3p22-->p21.3. (PMID: 9345909) Ishikawa S … Nakamura Y (Cytogenetics and cell genetics 1997) 2 3 22 58
  2. Cloning and identification of amino acid residues of human phospholipase C delta 1 essential for catalysis. (PMID: 7890667) Cheng HF … King K (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 3 4 22 58
  3. Hereditary leukonychia, or porcelain nails, resulting from mutations in PLCD1. (PMID: 21665001) Kiuru M … Christiano AM (American journal of human genetics 2011) 3 4 58
  4. Polymorphisms in innate immunity genes and patients response to dendritic cell-based HIV immuno-treatment. (PMID: 20056178) Segat L … Crovella S (Vaccine 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Comprehensive copy number variant (CNV) analysis of neuronal pathways genes in psychiatric disorders identifies rare variants within patients. (PMID: 20398908) Saus E … Estivill X (Journal of psychiatric research 2010) 3 44 58

Products for PLCD1 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for PLCD1

Sources for PLCD1 Gene