Aliases for PLCB2 Gene
External Ids for PLCB2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLCB2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a phosphodiesterase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to the second messengers inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol. The encoded protein is activated by G proteins and has been shown to be involved in the type 2 taste receptor signal transduction pathway. In addition, nuclear factor kappa B can regulate the transcription of this gene, whose protein product is also an important regulator of platelet responses. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2017]
GeneCards Summary for PLCB2 Gene
PLCB2 (Phospholipase C Beta 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLCB2 include Prostate Leiomyosarcoma. Among its related pathways are Apelin signaling pathway and Fatty Acids bound to GPR40 (FFAR1) regulate insulin secretion. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phosphoric diester hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLCB1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLCB2 Gene
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.