Aliases for PLAAT2 Gene
External Ids for PLAAT2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLAAT2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene has both phospholipase and acyltransferase activities and acts as a tumor suppressor. The encoded protein can hydrolyze dipalmitoylated phosphatidylcholine (PC) to palmitic acid and lyso-PC. In addition, this protein can catalyze the N-acylation of phosphatidylethanolamine and can catalyze the O-acylation of lyso-PC to form PC. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PLAAT2 Gene
PLAAT2 (Phospholipase A And Acyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLAAT2 include Poland Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis. An important paralog of this gene is PLAAT3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLAAT2 Gene
Exhibits both phospholipase A1/2 and acyltransferase activities (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381, PubMed:26503625). Shows phospholipase A1 (PLA1) and A2 (PLA2) activity, catalyzing the calcium-independent release of fatty acids from the sn-1 or sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381). For most substrates, PLA1 activity is much higher than PLA2 activity (PubMed:19615464). Shows O-acyltransferase activity, catalyzing the transfer of a fatty acyl group from glycerophospholipid to the hydroxyl group of lysophospholipid (PubMed:19615464). Shows N-acyltransferase activity, catalyzing the calcium-independent transfer of a fatty acyl group at the sn-1 position of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and other glycerophospholipids to the primary amine of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), forming N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE), which serves as precursor for N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381). Catalyzes N-acylation of PE using both sn-1 and sn-2 palmitoyl groups of PC as acyl donor (PubMed:22605381). Exhibits high phospholipase A1/2 activity and low N-acyltransferase activity (PubMed:22825852).