Aliases for PLAAT2 Gene
External Ids for PLAAT2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLAAT2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene has both phospholipase and acyltransferase activities and acts as a tumor suppressor. The encoded protein can hydrolyze dipalmitoylated phosphatidylcholine (PC) to palmitic acid and lyso-PC. In addition, this protein can catalyze the N-acylation of phosphatidylethanolamine and can catalyze the O-acylation of lyso-PC to form PC. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PLAAT2 Gene
PLAAT2 (Phospholipase A And Acyltransferase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLAAT2 include Poland Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis and Acyl chain remodelling of PE. An important paralog of this gene is PLAAT3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PLAAT2 Gene
Exhibits both phospholipase A1/2 and acyltransferase activities (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381, PubMed:26503625). Shows phospholipase A1 (PLA1) and A2 (PLA2) activity, catalyzing the calcium-independent release of fatty acids from the sn-1 or sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381). For most substrates, PLA1 activity is much higher than PLA2 activity (PubMed:19615464). Shows O-acyltransferase activity, catalyzing the transfer of a fatty acyl group from glycerophospholipid to the hydroxyl group of lysophospholipid (PubMed:19615464). Shows N-acyltransferase activity, catalyzing the calcium-independent transfer of a fatty acyl group at the sn-1 position of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and other glycerophospholipids to the primary amine of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), forming N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE), which serves as precursor for N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:22825852, PubMed:22605381). Catalyzes N-acylation of PE using both sn-1 and sn-2 palmitoyl groups of PC as acyl donor (PubMed:22605381). Exhibits high phospholipase A1/2 activity and low N-acyltransferase activity (PubMed:22825852).