Aliases for PLA2G16 Gene
External Ids for PLA2G16 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PLA2G16 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLA2G16 Gene
GeneCards Summary for PLA2G16 Gene
PLA2G16 (Phospholipase A2 Group XVI) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLA2G16 include Monofixation Syndrome and Abnormal Retinal Correspondence. Among its related pathways are Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phospholipase A2 activity and phosphatidylserine 1-acylhydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HRASLS2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLA2G16 Gene
Lipid-modifying enzyme that acts as major regulator of adipocyte lipolysis by catalyzing the release of fatty acids from phospholipids in adipose tissue (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:19047760, PubMed:20837014, PubMed:22605381, PubMed:22923616). Shows phospholipase A1 and A2 activity, catalyzing the calcium-independent hydrolysis of acyl groups in various phosphatidylcholines (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) (PubMed:19615464, PubMed:19047760, PubMed:20837014, PubMed:22605381, PubMed:22923616). For most substrates, phospholipase A1 activity is much higher than phospholipase A2 activity (PubMed:19047760). Phospholipase activity causes decreased intracellular levels of ether-type lipids, affecting peroxisome metabolism (By similarity). May also have acyltransferase activity: catalyzes both N-acylation of phosphatidylethanolamine to form N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamine and O-acylation of lyso-phosphatidylcholines to form phosphatidylcholines (PubMed:22605381, PubMed:25383759). The relevance of acyltransferase activity in vivo is however unclear and would require additional evidences (PubMed:22605381, PubMed:25383759). Also has weak lysophospholipase activity (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Acts as a host factor for picornaviruses: required during early infection to promote viral genome release into the cytoplasm (PubMed:28077878). May act as a cellular sensor of membrane damage at sites of virus entry, which relocalizes to sites of membrane rupture upon virus unfection (PubMed:28077878). Facilitates safe passage of the RNA away from LGALS8, enabling viral genome translation by host ribosome (PubMed:28077878). May also be involved in initiating pore formation, increasing pore size or in maintaining pores for genome delivery (PubMed:28077878). The lipid-modifying enzyme activity is required for this process (PubMed:28077878).