Aliases for PLA2G10 Gene
External Ids for PLA2G10 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PLA2G10 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the phospholipase A2 family of proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate the mature enzyme. This calcium-dependent enzyme hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids to produce free fatty acids and lysophospholipids. In one example, this enzyme catalyzes the release of arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids, thus playing a role in the production of various inflammatory lipid mediators, such as prostaglandins. The encoded protein may promote the survival of breast cancer cells through its role in lipid metabolism. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PLA2G10 Gene
PLA2G10 (Phospholipase A2 Group X) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PLA2G10 include Acute Chest Syndrome and Potter's Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and phospholipase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PLA2G2D.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PLA2G10 Gene
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Phospholipases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze phospholipids into fatty acids and other lipophilic molecules. There are four major classes; phospholipase A, phospholipase B, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C and phospholipase D.