The protein encoded by this gene is a pyruvate kinase that catalyzes the transphosphorylation of phohsphoenolpyruvate into pyruvate and ATP, which is the rate-limiting step of glycolysis. Defects in this enzyme, due to gene mutations or genetic variations, are the common cause of chronic hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA or HNSHA). Multiple transcript variants e... See more...

Aliases for PKLR Gene

Aliases for PKLR Gene

  • Pyruvate Kinase L/R 2 3 5
  • Pyruvate Kinase, Liver And RBC 2 3
  • Red Cell/Liver Pyruvate Kinase 3 4
  • R-Type/L-Type Pyruvate Kinase 3 4
  • Pyruvate Kinase Isozymes L/R 3 4
  • Pyruvate Kinase PKLR 3 4
  • Pyruvate Kinase 1 3 4
  • EC 2.7.1.40 4 51
  • PK1 3 4
  • PKL 3 4
  • Pyruvate Kinase, Liver And Blood Cell 3
  • Pyruvate Kinase Isozymes R/L 3
  • Pyruvate Kinase Isozyme R/L 3
  • Pyruvate Kinase Type L 3
  • PKRL 3
  • PKLR 5
  • RPK 3

External Ids for PKLR Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PKLR Gene

  • GC01M153117
  • GC01M151000
  • GC01M152037
  • GC01M152476
  • GC01M152072
  • GC01M153526
  • GC01M155259
  • GC01M126621

Summaries for PKLR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PKLR Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a pyruvate kinase that catalyzes the transphosphorylation of phohsphoenolpyruvate into pyruvate and ATP, which is the rate-limiting step of glycolysis. Defects in this enzyme, due to gene mutations or genetic variations, are the common cause of chronic hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA or HNSHA). Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PKLR Gene

PKLR (Pyruvate Kinase L/R) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PKLR include Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency Of Red Cells and Adenosine Triphosphate, Elevated, Of Erythrocytes. Among its related pathways are Integration of energy metabolism and G-protein signaling G-Protein alpha-i signaling cascades. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include magnesium ion binding and pyruvate kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PKM.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PKLR Gene

Gene Wiki entry for PKLR Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for PKLR Gene

Genomics for PKLR Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for PKLR Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH01J155299 Promoter/Enhancer 1.6 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 257.4 +0.4 375 2.2 TBP MXD4 IKZF1 HOMEZ KDM6A THAP11 ZNF511 VEZF1 SMAD4 SAP130 PKLR GBA lnc-FDPS-3 CLK2
GH01J155240 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 11.7 +58.5 58495 5.5 ZSCAN16 TBP ZBTB10 BCL11A SP1 FEZF1 CEBPA SIX5 NR2C1 MNT GBA lnc-FAM189B-2 GON4L KHDC4 CLK2 ENSG00000271267 MSTO1 MSTO2P THBS3 RUSC1-AS1
GH01J155272 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 13.1 +28.2 28237 2.8 ZBTB10 MXD4 MNT SMAD5 ETS1 MBD2 POLR2A BHLHE40 ELF1 HOMEZ lnc-HCN3-2 CLK2 GBA PYGO2 PKLR LOC101928120 FDPS RUSC1 RUSC1-AS1 MIR555
GH01J155513 Enhancer 0.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.2 -213.4 -213362 3.6 ZNF146 ZBTB40 CTCF ZNF362 KDM1A CEBPB ZNF121 RUSC1 PKLR RUSC1-AS1 RIT1 KRTCAP2 CLK2 SCAMP3 GBA lnc-YY1AP1-6 HSALNG0007509
GH01J155698 Enhancer 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.5 -397.6 -397573 1.3 CEBPA IKZF1 IRF2 FOXA2 SAP130 ZEB2 TAL1 DMAP1 JUND ZNF316 PKLR DAP3 HSALNG0007522 ENSG00000227673 YY1AP1 GON4L
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PKLR on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for PKLR

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PKLR gene promoter:
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • SEF-1 (1)
  • YY1

Genomic Locations for PKLR Gene

Latest Assembly
chr1:155,289,293-155,301,438
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
12,146 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
chr1:155,259,084-155,271,229
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
12,146 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

chr1:155,259,630-155,271,225
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
11,596 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for PKLR Gene

Genes around PKLR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PKLR Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PKLR Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PKLR Gene

Proteins for PKLR Gene

  • Protein details for PKLR Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P30613-KPYR_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Pyruvate kinase PKLR
    Protein Accession:
    P30613
    Secondary Accessions:
    • O75758
    • P11973

    Protein attributes for PKLR Gene

    Size:
    574 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61830 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Cofactor:
    Name=K(+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29103;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA02515.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};
    Miscellaneous:
    • There are 4 isozymes of pyruvate kinase in mammals: L, R, M1 and M2. L type is major isozyme in the liver, R is found in red cells, M1 is the main form in muscle, heart and brain, and M2 is found in early fetal tissues.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PKLR Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PKLR Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for PKLR Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PKLR Gene

P30613:
  • AAMADTFLEH
  • EIPAEKV
  • GPASRSV
  • IAREAEAA
  • KGVNLPG
  • VANAVLDG
  • IKIISKIE
  • DDGLISL
  • SDGIMVARGD
  • MVARGDLG
  • ATQMLESMI
  • PRPTRAE
  • NAVLDGAD
  • LDTKGPEIR
  • RLNFSHG
  • MLSGETA
  • TGWRPGSG
  • LDIDSEP
  • NFSHGSHEYH

Post-translational modifications for PKLR Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PKLR Gene

Domains & Families for PKLR Gene

Gene Families for PKLR Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PKLR Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Pyruvate kinase (B1AVT1_HUMAN)
  • Pyruvate kinase (B1AVT2_HUMAN)
  • Pyruvate kinase (E7ESY9_HUMAN)
  • Red cell/liver pyruvate kinase (KPYR_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P30613

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KPYR_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PKLR: view

Function for PKLR Gene

Molecular function for PKLR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a key role in glycolysis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=ATP + pyruvate = ADP + H(+) + phosphoenolpyruvate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:18157, ChEBI:CHEBI:15361, ChEBI:CHEBI:15378, ChEBI:CHEBI:30616, ChEBI:CHEBI:58702, ChEBI:CHEBI:456216; EC=2.7.1.40;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Allosterically activated by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
pyruvate kinase,homotetramer of 50.60kDa subunit,with two forms,one liver specific,the other erythrocyte specific,transcribed from a distinct promoter,glycolysis,energy pathway,generating ATP from ADP

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PKLR Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PKLR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PKLR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IEA --
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0004743 pyruvate kinase activity IEA,NAS 1445295
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 32296183
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PKLR: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PKLR: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PKLR Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

miRNA for PKLR Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PKLR

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PKLR

Clone products for research

  • Addgene plasmids for PKLR

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PKLR Gene

Localization for PKLR Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PKLR gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 3
plasma membrane 2
peroxisome 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
cytoskeleton 1
endosome 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Golgi apparatus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PKLR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA 21873635
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PKLR: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PKLR Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PKLR Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PKLR: view

Pathways by source for PKLR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P30613-KPYR_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate degradation; glycolysis; pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate: step 5/5.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PKLR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001666 response to hypoxia IEA --
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006096 glycolytic process IEA,IBA 21873635
GO:0006754 ATP biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0007584 response to nutrient IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PKLR: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PKLR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PKLR Gene

(21) Drugs for PKLR Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Pyruvic acid Approved, Investigational Nutra Target 0
Acyclovir Approved Pharma Enzyme, substrate 124
Carbon dioxide Approved, Investigational, Vet_approved Pharma 0
Magnesium Approved, Experimental, Investigational Pharma 0
Potassium Approved, Experimental Pharma 0

(11) Additional Compounds for PKLR Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ADP
  • 5'-Adenylphosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-diphosphate
  • ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphATE
  • H3ADP
  • 5'-Adenylphosphate
58-64-0
dADP
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine-5'-diphosphate
  • Deoxyadenosine diphosphate
2793-06-8
dGDP
  • 2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-diphosphate
  • Deoxyguanosine diphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyguanosine 5'-diphosphoric acid
  • Deoxyguanosine diphosphoric acid
  • 2'-Deoxy-GDP
3493-09-2
IDP
  • 5'-IDP
  • Inosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate)
  • Inosine 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate)
  • Inosine 5'-diphosphate
  • Inosine 5'-pyrophosphate
86-04-4
inosine triphosphate
  • 2'-Inosine-5'-triphosphate
  • Inosine 5'-triphosphate
  • Inosine tripolyphosphate
  • O(5')-(Tetrahydroxytriphosphoryl)inosine
  • 2'-Inosine-5'-triphosphoric acid
132-06-9
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PKLR: view

Transcripts for PKLR Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PKLR Gene

2 REFSEQ mRNAs :
8 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
3 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PKLR

Clone products for research

  • Addgene plasmids for PKLR

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PKLR Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PKLR Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PKLR

Expression for PKLR Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PKLR Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PKLR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x29.7) and Kidney - Cortex (x12.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PKLR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver, secretome (41.8) and Liver (8.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PKLR Gene



Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for PKLR

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PKLR Gene:

Hs.95990

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PKLR Gene

  • Liver(4.7)
  • Pancreas(4.4)
  • Kidney(3.4)
  • Blood(2.4)
  • Bone marrow(2.3)
  • Intestine(2.1)
  • Muscle(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PKLR Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • skeletal muscle
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • ear
  • eye
  • head
  • mouth
Abdomen:
  • abdominal wall
  • biliary tract
  • gallbladder
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • spleen
Pelvis:
  • placenta
  • uterus
General:
  • blood
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PKLR: view

Primer products for research

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PKLR Gene

Orthologs for PKLR Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PKLR Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PKLR 30 31
  • 99.75 (n)
OneToOne
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PKLR 30 31
  • 90.35 (n)
OneToOne
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PKLR 30 31
  • 89.43 (n)
OneToOne
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pklr 30
  • 87.06 (n)
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pklr 30 17 31
  • 86.35 (n)
OneToOne
Oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PKLR 31
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PKLR 31
  • 49 (a)
OneToOne
Zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pklr 30
  • 67.75 (n)
CABZ01066502.1 31
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
-- 30
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta PyK 31
  • 58 (a)
ManyToMany
CG2964 31
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
CG7069 31
  • 27 (a)
ManyToMany
CG7362 31
  • 22 (a)
ManyToMany
Worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pyk-2 31
  • 55 (a)
ManyToMany
pyk-1 31
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PYK2 30 31 33
  • 52.96 (n)
ManyToMany
CDC19 31
  • 49 (a)
ManyToMany
Thale Cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT3G04050 30
  • 52.05 (n)
Soybean
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.4073 30
Rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.7908 30
Wheat
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.21113 30
Corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.7002 30
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 31
  • 63 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for PKLR was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Tropical Clawed Frog (Silurana tropicalis)

Evolution for PKLR Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PKLR (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PKLR (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PKLR: view image

Paralogs for PKLR Gene

Paralogs for PKLR Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PKLR Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • KPYR_HUMAN
  • F8W6W2_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PKLR: view

Variants for PKLR Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for PKLR Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
871647 Pathogenic: not provided 155,294,272(-) C/T
NM_000298.6(PKLR):c.1079G>A (p.Cys360Tyr)
MISSENSE
873569 Uncertain Significance: Pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 155,289,295(-) C/T
NM_000298.6(PKLR):c.*1277G>A
NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT_VARIANT,THREE_PRIME_UTR
873615 Uncertain Significance: Pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 155,291,822(-) G/A
NM_000298.6(PKLR):c.1552C>T (p.Arg518Cys)
MISSENSE
873616 Uncertain Significance: Pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 155,291,917(-) C/T
NM_000298.6(PKLR):c.1457G>A (p.Arg486Gln)
MISSENSE
873617 Uncertain Significance: Pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells 155,293,310(-) G/A
NM_000298.6(PKLR):c.1303C>T (p.Arg435Trp)
MISSENSE

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for PKLR Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PKLR Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3n68 CNV loss 17160897
esv23319 CNV gain 19812545
esv2758971 CNV gain 17122850
esv33869 CNV loss 17666407
nsv3032 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv436027 CNV insertion 17901297
nsv831636 CNV loss 17160897
nsv952214 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for PKLR Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.92; 35.68% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PKLR Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PKLR
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
PKLR

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PKLR Gene

Disorders for PKLR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(19) MalaCards diseases for PKLR Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells
  • pyruvate kinase deficiency of erythrocyte
adenosine triphosphate, elevated, of erythrocytes
  • pyruvate kinase hyperactivity
hemolytic anemia
  • anemia hemolytic
congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia
  • congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anaemia
congenital hemolytic anemia
  • congenital hemolytic anaemia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PKLR in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

KPYR_HUMAN
  • Pyruvate kinase hyperactivity (PKHYP) [MIM:102900]: Autosomal dominant phenotype characterized by increase of red blood cell ATP. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:9090535}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency of red cells (PKRD) [MIM:266200]: A frequent cause of hereditary non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia. Clinically, pyruvate kinase-deficient patients suffer from a highly variable degree of chronic hemolysis, ranging from severe neonatal jaundice and fatal anemia at birth, severe transfusion-dependent chronic hemolysis, moderate hemolysis with exacerbation during infection, to a fully compensated hemolysis without apparent anemia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11328279, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11960989, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1536957, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1896471, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19085939, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2018831, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21794208, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7706479, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8161798, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8180378, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8476433, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8481523, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8483951, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9482576, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9827908, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9886305, ECO:0000269 Ref.24}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for PKLR Gene

hemolytic anemia

Additional Disease Information for PKLR

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
Atlas
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PKLR: view

Publications for PKLR Gene

  1. Molecular characterization of the PK-LR gene in pyruvate kinase deficient Spanish patients. Red Cell Pathology Group of the Spanish Society of Haematology (AEHH). (PMID: 9827908) Zarza R … Vives Corrons JL (British journal of haematology 1998) 3 4 23 74
  2. G-->T transition at cDNA nt 110 (K37Q) in the PKLR (pyruvate kinase) gene is the molecular basis of a case of hereditary increase of red blood cell ATP. (PMID: 9090535) Beutler E … Roos D (Human mutation 1997) 3 4 23 74
  3. Fifteen novel mutations in PKLR associated with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency: structural implications of amino acid substitutions in PK. (PMID: 19085939) van Wijk R … van Solinge WW (Human mutation 2009) 3 4 23
  4. Spectrum of novel mutations in the human PKLR gene in pyruvate kinase-deficient Indian patients with heterogeneous clinical phenotypes. (PMID: 18759866) Kedar P … Colah R (Clinical genetics 2009) 3 23 74
  5. Type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes on chromosome 1q21-24. (PMID: 18269685) Hasstedt SJ … Elbein SC (Annals of human genetics 2008) 3 23 41

Products for PKLR Gene

Sources for PKLR Gene