Aliases for PITRM1 Gene
External Ids for PITRM1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PITRM1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is an ATP-dependent metalloprotease that degrades post-cleavage mitochondrial transit peptides. The encoded protein binds zinc and can also degrade amyloid beta A4 protein, suggesting a possible role in Alzheimer's disease. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PITRM1 Gene
PITRM1 (Pitrilysin Metallopeptidase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PITRM1 include Conduct Disorder and Berylliosis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include metalloendopeptidase activity and enzyme activator activity. An important paralog of this gene is NRDC.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PITRM1 Gene
Metalloendopeptidase of the mitochondrial matrix that functions in peptide cleavage and degradation rather than in protein processing (PubMed:10360838, PubMed:16849325, PubMed:19196155, PubMed:24931469). Has an ATP-independent activity (PubMed:16849325). Specifically cleaves peptides in the range of 5 to 65 residues (PubMed:19196155). Shows a preference for cleavage after small polar residues and before basic residues, but without any positional preference (PubMed:10360838, PubMed:19196155, PubMed:24931469). Degrades the transit peptides of mitochondrial proteins after their cleavage (PubMed:19196155). Also degrades other unstructured peptides (PubMed:19196155). It is also able to degrade amyloid-beta protein 40, one of the peptides produced by APP processing, when it accumulates in mitochondrion (PubMed:16849325, PubMed:24931469). It is a highly efficient protease, at least toward amyloid-beta protein 40 (PubMed:24931469). Cleaves that peptide at a specific position and is probably not processive, releasing digested peptides intermediates that can be further cleaved subsequently (PubMed:24931469).