Aliases for PIP5K1C Gene
- Phosphatidylinositol-4-Phosphate 5-Kinase Type 1 Gamma 2 3 5
- Phosphatidylinositol-4-Phosphate 5-Kinase, Type I, Gamma 2 3
- Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate 5-Kinase Type-1 Gamma 3 4
- Type I Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate 5-Kinase Gamma 3 4
- PtdIns(4)P-5-Kinase 1 Gamma 3 4
- PIP5K1gamma 3 4
- EC 22.214.171.124 4 50
- PIP5Kgamma 2 3
External Ids for PIP5K1C Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PIP5K1C Gene
This locus encodes a type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase. The encoded protein catalyzes phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate, producing phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. This enzyme is found at synapses and has been found to play roles in endocytosis and cell migration. Mutations at this locus have been associated with lethal congenital contractural syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described.[provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PIP5K1C Gene
PIP5K1C (Phosphatidylinositol-4-Phosphate 5-Kinase Type 1 Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PIP5K1C include Lethal Congenital Contracture Syndrome 3 and Lethal Congenital Contracture Syndrome. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Integrin Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase activity and talin binding. An important paralog of this gene is PIP5K1A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PIP5K1C Gene
Catalyzes the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P/PI4P) to form phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2/PIP2), a lipid second messenger that regulates several cellular processes such as signal transduction, vesicle trafficking, actin cytoskeleton dynamics, cell adhesion, and cell motility (PubMed:12422219, PubMed:22942276). PtdIns(4,5)P2 can directly act as a second messenger or can be utilized as a precursor to generate other second messengers: inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), diacylglycerol (DAG) or phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3/PIP3) (Probable). PIP5K1A-mediated phosphorylation of PtdIns(4)P is the predominant pathway for PtdIns(4,5)P2 synthesis (By similarity). Together with PIP5K1A, is required for phagocytosis, both enzymes regulating different types of actin remodeling at sequential steps (By similarity). Promotes particle attachment by generating the pool of PtdIns(4,5)P2 that induces controlled actin depolymerization to facilitate Fc-gamma-R clustering. Mediates RAC1-dependent reorganization of actin filaments. Required for synaptic vesicle transport (By similarity). Controls the plasma membrane pool of PtdIns(4,5)P2 implicated in synaptic vesicle endocytosis and exocytosis (PubMed:12847086). Plays a role in endocytosis mediated by clathrin and AP-2 (adaptor protein complex 2) (PubMed:12847086). Required for clathrin-coated pits assembly at the synapse (PubMed:17261850). Participates in cell junction assembly (PubMed:17261850). Modulates adherens junctions formation by facilitating CDH1/cadherin trafficking (PubMed:17261850). Required for focal adhesion dynamics. Modulates the targeting of talins (TLN1 and TLN2) to the plasma membrane and their efficient assembly into focal adhesions (PubMed:12422219). Regulates the interaction between talins (TLN1 and TLN2) and beta-integrins (PubMed:12422219). Required for uropodium formation and retraction of the cell rear during directed migration (By similarity). Has a role in growth factor-stimulated directional cell migration and adhesion (By similarity). Required for talin assembly into nascent adhesions forming at the leading edge toward the direction of the growth factor (PubMed:17635937). Negative regulator of T-cell activation and adhesion (By similarity). Negatively regulates integrin alpha-L/beta-2 (LFA-1) polarization and adhesion induced by T-cell receptor (By similarity). Together with PIP5K1A has a role during embryogenesis and together with PIP5K1B may have a role immediately after birth (By similarity).