Aliases for PINK1 Gene
External Ids for PINK1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for PINK1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PINK1 Gene
This gene encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase that localizes to mitochondria. It is thought to protect cells from stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Mutations in this gene cause one form of autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PINK1 Gene
PINK1 (PTEN Induced Kinase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PINK1 include Parkinson Disease 6, Autosomal Recessive Early-Onset and Parkinson Disease 2, Autosomal Recessive Juvenile. Among its related pathways are Respiratory electron transport, ATP synthesis by chemiosmotic coupling, and heat production by uncoupling proteins. and Mitophagy. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PEAK1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PINK1 Gene
Protects against mitochondrial dysfunction during cellular stress by phosphorylating mitochondrial proteins. Involved in the clearance of damaged mitochondria via selective autophagy (mitophagy) by mediating activation and translocation of PRKN (PubMed:14607334, PubMed:15087508, PubMed:19229105, PubMed:19966284, PubMed:20404107, PubMed:20798600, PubMed:23620051, PubMed:23754282, PubMed:23933751, PubMed:24660806, PubMed:24751536, PubMed:24784582, PubMed:24896179, PubMed:25527291). Targets PRKN to dysfunctional depolarized mitochondria through the phosphorylation of MFN2 (PubMed:23620051). Activates PRKN in 2 steps: (1) by mediating phosphorylation at 'Ser-65' of PRKN and (2) mediating phosphorylation of ubiquitin, converting PRKN to its fully-active form (PubMed:24660806, PubMed:24751536, PubMed:24784582, PubMed:25527291). Required for ubiquinone reduction by mitochondrial complex I by mediating phosphorylation of complex I subunit NDUFA10 (By similarity).