Aliases for PHKG2 Gene
External Ids for PHKG2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PHKG2 Gene
Phosphorylase kinase is a polymer of 16 subunits, four each of alpha, beta, gamma and delta. The alpha subunit includes the skeletal muscle and hepatic isoforms, encoded by two different genes. The beta subunit is the same in both the muscle and hepatic isoforms, and encoded by one gene. The gamma subunit also includes the skeletal muscle and hepatic isoforms, and the hepatic isoform is encoded by this gene. The delta subunit is a calmodulin and can be encoded by three different genes. The gamma subunits contain the active site of the enzyme, whereas the alpha and beta subunits have regulatory functions controlled by phosphorylation. The delta subunit mediates the dependence of the enzyme on calcium concentration. Mutations in this gene cause glycogen storage disease type 9C, also known as autosomal liver glycogenosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified in this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PHKG2 Gene
PHKG2 (Phosphorylase Kinase Catalytic Subunit Gamma 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PHKG2 include Glycogen Storage Disease Ixc and Glycogen Storage Disease Due To Liver Phosphorylase Kinase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Activation of cAMP-Dependent PKA and Glycosaminoglycan metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PHKG1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PHKG2 Gene
Catalytic subunit of the phosphorylase b kinase (PHK), which mediates the neural and hormonal regulation of glycogen breakdown (glycogenolysis) by phosphorylating and thereby activating glycogen phosphorylase. May regulate glycogeneolysis in the testis. In vitro, phosphorylates PYGM (By similarity).