Aliases for PGR Gene
External Ids for PGR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PGR Gene
This gene encodes a member of the steroid receptor superfamily. The encoded protein mediates the physiological effects of progesterone, which plays a central role in reproductive events associated with the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. This gene uses two distinct promotors and translation start sites in the first exon to produce several transcript variants, both protein coding and non-protein coding. Two of the isoforms (A and B) are identical except for an additional 165 amino acids found in the N-terminus of isoform B and mediate their own response genes and physiologic effects with little overlap. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PGR Gene
PGR (Progesterone Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PGR include Progesterone Resistance and Myoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Relaxin signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and signaling receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is NR3C2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PGR Gene
The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Depending on the isoform, progesterone receptor functions as transcriptional activator or repressor.
[Isoform A]: Ligand-dependent transdominant repressor of steroid hormone receptor transcriptional activity including repression of its isoform B, MR and ER. Transrepressional activity may involve recruitment of corepressor NCOR2.
[Isoform B]: Transcriptional activator of several progesteron-dependent promoters in a variety of cell types. Involved in activation of SRC-dependent MAPK signaling on hormone stimulation.
[Isoform 4]: Increases mitochondrial membrane potential and cellular respiration upon stimulation by progesterone.
Progesterone receptors (PRs) are nuclear hormone receptors of the NR3C class, which also includes mineralocorticoid, glucocorticoid and androgen receptors. They exist as homodimers coupled to Hsp90 or HMGB proteins, which are shed upon activation.