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Aliases for PGM5 Gene

Aliases for PGM5 Gene

  • Phosphoglucomutase 5 2 3 5
  • Phosphoglucomutase-Related Protein 2 3 4
  • Aciculin 3 4
  • PGM-RP 3 4
  • PGMRP 3 4
  • Phosphoglucomutase-Like Protein 5 3

External Ids for PGM5 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PGM5 Gene

  • GC09P062016
  • GC09P062828
  • GC09P064541
  • GC09P066429
  • GC09P066428
  • GC09P068201
  • GC09P070161
  • GC09P070971
  • GC09P040808

Summaries for PGM5 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PGM5 Gene

  • Phosphoglucomutases (EC, such as PGM5, are phosphotransferases involved in interconversion of glucose-1-phosphate and glucose-6-phosphate. PGM activity is essential in formation of carbohydrates from glucose-6-phosphate and in formation of glucose-6-phosphate from galactose and glycogen (Edwards et al., 1995 [PubMed 8586438]).[supplied by OMIM, Mar 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PGM5 Gene

PGM5 (Phosphoglucomutase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity and intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases. An important paralog of this gene is PGM1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGM5 Gene

  • Component of adherens-type cell-cell and cell-matrix junctions. Lacks phosphoglucomutase activity.

Gene Wiki entry for PGM5 Gene

Additional gene information for PGM5 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PGM5 Gene

Genomics for PGM5 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PGM5 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PGM5 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH09J068356 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 658.5 +28.5 28481 0.8 CTCF KLF1 ZSCAN4 ZNF223 KLF17 SIN3A ZNF335 PATZ1 KLF8 EZH2 PGM5 PGM5-AS1 ENSG00000226904 LOC102723624
GH09J068559 Enhancer 1.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 31.7 +232.1 232129 1.7 CTCF MAX RAD21 NR2F2 ZNF148 POLR2A ZNF143 FOS PGM5 PRKACG LINC01506 ENSG00000226337 LOC105376072 GC09P068599
GH09J068499 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.9 +172.3 172278 2.6 FOXA2 NEUROD1 SCRT2 FOS USF2 CEBPB REST GATAD2B SP1 NFIL3 PGM5 ENSG00000226337 TMEM252 PRKACG GC09M068509 ENSG00000229019
GH09J068545 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.2 +219.0 218993 3.4 PKNOX1 STAT5A BMI1 BATF IRF4 RAD21 YY1 ATF7 ETV6 BCLAF1 LINC01506 TMEM252 PRKACG PGM5 LOC105376072 ENSG00000226337 GC09P068599
GH09J069168 Promoter/Enhancer 2.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 4.7 +847.3 847290 14.5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF143 TJP2 PTAR1 FAM122A PGM5 GC09P069204 ENSG00000285130
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PGM5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PGM5 gene promoter:
  • GATA-3
  • HFH-1
  • CREB
  • deltaCREB
  • NF-kappaB
  • NF-kappaB1
  • FOXJ2
  • FOXJ2 (long isoform)
  • RP58
  • AML1a

Genomic Locations for PGM5 Gene

Genomic Locations for PGM5 Gene
202,754 bases
Plus strand
202,754 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PGM5 Gene

Genes around PGM5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PGM5 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PGM5 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PGM5 Gene

Proteins for PGM5 Gene

  • Protein details for PGM5 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Phosphoglucomutase-like protein 5
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1AM46
    • B4DLQ6
    • Q5VYV3
    • Q8N527
    • Q9UDH4

    Protein attributes for PGM5 Gene

    567 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    62225 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with cytoskeletal proteins dystrophin and utrophin.
    • Sequence=AAC41948.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAH33073.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAA73882.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PGM5 Gene


neXtProt entry for PGM5 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PGM5 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PGM5 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PGM5 Gene

Domains & Families for PGM5 Gene

Gene Families for PGM5 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PGM5 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the phosphohexose mutase family.
  • Belongs to the phosphohexose mutase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PGM5: view

Function for PGM5 Gene

Molecular function for PGM5 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of adherens-type cell-cell and cell-matrix junctions. Lacks phosphoglucomutase activity.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
phosphoglucomutase 5,with homology to PGM1 but unknown function,widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PGM5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PGM5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IEA --
GO:0004614 NOT phosphoglucomutase activity IDA 8175905
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity NAS 8631316
GO:0016868 intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGM5: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PGM5: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PGM5 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PGM5

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PGM5 Gene

Localization for PGM5 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGM5 Gene

Cell junction, adherens junction. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Adherens-type cellular junctions. Concentrated in focal contacts at the ends of actin bundles, and associated with actin filaments.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PGM5 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PGM5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001725 stress fiber IDA 8175905
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 NOT cytosol IBA --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005912 adherens junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGM5: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for PGM5 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PGM5 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PGM5: view

Pathways by source for PGM5 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for PGM5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PGM5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0005978 NOT glycogen biosynthetic process IBA --
GO:0006006 NOT glucose metabolic process IBA --
GO:0007155 cell adhesion IEA --
GO:0019388 NOT galactose catabolic process IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PGM5: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PGM5 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PGM5 Gene

(1) Drugs for PGM5 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Magnesium Approved Nutra 0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PGM5: view

Transcripts for PGM5 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PGM5 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PGM5 Gene

Phosphoglucomutase 5:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PGM5 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for PGM5 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PGM5 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PGM5 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PGM5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Sigmoid (x6.2), Esophagus - Muscularis (x5.5), Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x4.9), and Bladder (x4.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PGM5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urinary Bladder (15.9), Seminal vesicle (12.1), Prostate (10.0), and Uterus (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PGM5 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PGM5 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PGM5 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PGM5 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PGM5 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Detected in smooth and cardiac muscle at high levels and in skeletal muscle at low level. Present in other tissues due to vascular or other smooth muscle component. Low levels are present in liver, kidney, skin and brain (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PGM5 Gene

  • Muscle(4.6)
  • Liver(4.2)
  • Heart(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PGM5: view

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PGM5 Gene

Orthologs for PGM5 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for PGM5 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC472942 33
  • 99.12 (n)
PGM5 34
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PGM5 34 33
  • 93.3 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PGM5 34 33
  • 91.81 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pgm5 16 34 33
  • 90.83 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pgm5 33
  • 90.36 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PGM5 34
  • 90 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PGM5 34
  • 75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PGM5 34 33
  • 80.6 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PGM5 34
  • 87 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pgm5 34 33
  • 72.73 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pgm 34
  • 49 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea R05F9.6 34 35
  • 52 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PGM2 34
  • 43 (a)
PGM1 34
  • 41 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT1G70730 33
  • 54.91 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0712700 33
  • 56.02 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.6075 34
  • 54 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PGM5 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PGM5 Gene

Gene Tree for PGM5 (if available)
Gene Tree for PGM5 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PGM5: view image

Paralogs for PGM5 Gene

Paralogs for PGM5 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for PGM5 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • Q5JTY7_HUMAN Pseudogenes for PGM5 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PGM5: view

Variants for PGM5 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PGM5 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000011957 -- 68,518,228(+) G/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000021110 -- 68,517,176(+) G/A/T genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000037025 -- 68,481,747(+) A/T genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000063338 -- 68,473,630(+) T/C genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000179827 -- 68,480,178(+) C/T genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PGM5 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3620542 CNV loss 21293372
esv3620543 CNV gain 21293372
esv3620544 CNV gain 21293372
esv3891677 CNV gain 25118596
nsv1015629 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1022177 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1026962 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1032290 CNV gain 25217958
nsv428218 CNV loss 18775914
nsv614546 CNV gain 21841781
nsv831609 CNV gain 17160897
nsv8519 CNV gain 18304495
nsv8520 CNV gain 18304495
nsv8521 CNV loss 18304495
nsv972755 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for PGM5 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 74.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.52; 43.96% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PGM5 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGM5 Gene

Disorders for PGM5 Gene

Additional Disease Information for PGM5

No disorders were found for PGM5 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PGM5 Gene

Publications for PGM5 Gene

  1. A novel dystrophin/utrophin-associated protein is an enzymatically inactive member of the phosphoglucomutase superfamily. (PMID: 8631316) Moiseeva EP … Critchley DR (European journal of biochemistry 1996) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Characterisation of the promoter which regulates expression of a phosphoglucomutase-related protein, a component of the dystrophin/utrophin cytoskeleton predominantly expressed in smooth muscle. (PMID: 9342213) Moiseeva EP … Critchley DR (European journal of biochemistry 1997) 3 4 22 58
  3. A novel human phosphoglucomutase (PGM5) maps to the centromeric region of chromosome 9. (PMID: 8586438) Edwards YH … Ives JH (Genomics 1995) 2 3 22 58
  4. Aciculin and its relation to dystrophin: immunocytochemical studies in human normal and Duchenne dystrophy quadriceps muscles. (PMID: 10867799) Wakayama Y … Oniki H (Acta neuropathologica 2000) 3 22 58
  5. Association of aciculin with dystrophin and utrophin. (PMID: 7890770) Belkin AM … Burridge K (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 3 22 58

Products for PGM5 Gene

Sources for PGM5 Gene

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