Aliases for PDGFA Gene
External Ids for PDGFA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PDGFA Gene
This gene encodes a member of the protein family comprised of both platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF) and vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF). The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate platelet-derived growth factor subunit A, which can homodimerize, or alternatively, heterodimerize with the related platelet-derived growth factor subunit B. These proteins bind and activate PDGF receptor tyrosine kinases, which play a role in a wide range of developmental processes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PDGFA Gene
PDGFA (Platelet Derived Growth Factor Subunit A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDGFA include Denys-Drash Syndrome and Retinal Detachment. Among its related pathways are PI3K/AKT activation and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and growth factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDGFB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PDGFA Gene
Growth factor that plays an essential role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, cell migration, survival and chemotaxis. Potent mitogen for cells of mesenchymal origin. Required for normal lung alveolar septum formation during embryogenesis, normal development of the gastrointestinal tract, normal development of Leydig cells and spermatogenesis. Required for normal oligodendrocyte development and normal myelination in the spinal cord and cerebellum. Plays an important role in wound healing. Signaling is modulated by the formation of heterodimers with PDGFB (By similarity).
Platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) are catalytic receptors that have intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. They have roles in the regulation of many biological processes including embryonic development, angiogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation.