Aliases for PCDHA4 Gene
External Ids for PCDHA4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCDHA4 Gene
This gene is a member of the protocadherin alpha gene cluster, one of three related gene clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five that demonstrate an unusual genomic organization similar to that of B-cell and T-cell receptor gene clusters. The alpha gene cluster is composed of 15 cadherin superfamily genes related to the mouse CNR genes and consists of 13 highly similar and 2 more distantly related coding sequences. The tandem array of 15 N-terminal exons, or variable exons, are followed by downstream C-terminal exons, or constant exons, which are shared by all genes in the cluster. The large, uninterrupted N-terminal exons each encode six cadherin ectodomains while the C-terminal exons encode the cytoplasmic domain. These neural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins are integral plasma membrane proteins that most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been observed and additional variants have been suggested but their full-length nature has yet to be determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PCDHA4 Gene
PCDHA4 (Protocadherin Alpha 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Reelin Pathway (Cajal-Retzius cells). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is PCDHA7.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PCDHA4 Gene
Calcium-dependent cell-adhesion protein involved in cells self-recognition and non-self discrimination. Thereby, it is involved in the establishment and maintenance of specific neuronal connections in the brain.