Aliases for PCCA Gene
External Ids for PCCA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCCA Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is the alpha subunit of the heterodimeric mitochondrial enzyme Propionyl-CoA carboxylase. PCCA encodes the biotin-binding region of this enzyme. Mutations in either PCCA or PCCB (encoding the beta subunit) lead to an enzyme deficiency resulting in propionic acidemia. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
GeneCards Summary for PCCA Gene
PCCA (Propionyl-CoA Carboxylase Subunit Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PCCA include Propionic Acidemia and Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are superpathway of methionine degradation and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and biotin carboxylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MCCC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PCCA Gene
This is one of the 2 subunits of the biotin-dependent propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC), a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the catabolism of odd chain fatty acids, branched-chain amino acids isoleucine, threonine, methionine, and valine and other metabolites (PubMed:8434582, PubMed:6765947). Propionyl-CoA carboxylase catalyzes the carboxylation of propionyl-CoA/propanoyl-CoA to D-methylmalonyl-CoA/(S)-methylmalonyl-CoA (PubMed:8434582, PubMed:6765947, PubMed:10101253). Within the holoenzyme, the alpha subunit catalyzes the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the biotin carried by the biotin carboxyl carrier (BCC) domain, while the beta subunit then transfers the carboxyl group from carboxylated biotin to propionyl-CoA (By similarity). Propionyl-CoA carboxylase also significantly acts on butyryl-CoA/butanoyl-CoA, which is converted to ethylmalonyl-CoA/(2S)-ethylmalonyl-CoA at a much lower rate (PubMed:6765947). Other alternative minor substrates include (2E)-butenoyl-CoA/crotonoyl-CoA (By similarity).