Aliases for PARP6 Gene

Aliases for PARP6 Gene

  • Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Family Member 6 2 3 5
  • ADP-Ribosyltransferase Diphtheria Toxin-Like 17 3 4
  • Protein Mono-ADP-Ribosyltransferase PARP6 3 4
  • Poly [ADP-Ribose] Polymerase 6 3 4
  • ARTD17 3 4
  • PARP-6 3 4
  • EC 52
  • EC 2.4.2.- 4
  • PARP-6-B1 3
  • PARP-6-C 3
  • PART17 3

External Ids for PARP6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PARP6 Gene

  • GC15M070320
  • GC15M072533
  • GC15M049364

Summaries for PARP6 Gene

GeneCards Summary for PARP6 Gene

PARP6 (Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Family Member 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PARP6 include Diphtheria and Porokeratosis. Among its related pathways are UVA-Induced MAPK Signaling and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PARP8.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PARP6 Gene

  • Mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase that mediates mono-ADP-ribosylation of target proteins.

Tocris Summary for PARP6 Gene

  • Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) catalyzes the post-translational modification of proteins by the addition of multiple ADP-ribose moieties. PARP transfers ADP-ribose from nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD) to Glu/Asp residues on the substrate protein.

Additional gene information for PARP6 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for PARP6 Gene

Genomics for PARP6 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PARP6 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PARP6 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH15J072271 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 507.6 +0.4 434 3.1 HNRNPK ZNF217 EP300 CTCF SIN3A TCF12 NRF1 USF1 SP1 PHF8 PARP6 lnc-CELF6-3 MYO9A PKM GRAMD2A BBS4 ENSG00000273025
GH15J072265 Promoter 0.3 EPDnew 500.4 +7.0 6991 0.1 PARP6 PKM GRAMD2A CELF6 piR-50444-133 lnc-PKM-2
GH15J072267 Promoter 0.3 EPDnew 500.4 +5.5 5457 0.1 piR-50444-133 PARP6 PKM GRAMD2A CELF6 lnc-PKM-2 ENSG00000273025
GH15J072781 Promoter/Enhancer 2.6 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 21.2 -511.5 -511450 6.1 LARP7 EP300 RXRA ZBTB40 ZNF217 CTCF TCF12 SIN3A NRF1 POLR2G ADPGK lnc-HIGD2B-2 ENSG00000261187 PARP6 ENSG00000261460 MYO9A TMEM202-AS1 ARIH1 BBS4 ENSG00000260672
GH15J072471 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 18.4 -201.4 -201371 6.5 HNRNPK FOXK2 ZNF217 EP300 CTCF ZSCAN5C SIN3A TCF12 NRF1 POLR2G ARIH1 TMEM202-AS1 MYO9A ENSG00000261187 PARP6 HEXA CELF6 ENSG00000261460 RPL12P35 BBS4
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PARP6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for PARP6

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PARP6 gene promoter:
  • FOXD3
  • FOXO3
  • FOXO3a
  • FOXO3b
  • HNF-4alpha1
  • Max1
  • Nkx2-5
  • ZID

Genomic Locations for PARP6 Gene

Genomic Locations for PARP6 Gene
31,819 bases
Minus strand
31,819 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PARP6 Gene

Genes around PARP6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PARP6 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PARP6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PARP6 Gene

Proteins for PARP6 Gene

  • Protein details for PARP6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP6
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9H7C5
    • Q9H9X6
    • Q9HAF3
    • Q9NPS6
    • Q9UFG4

    Protein attributes for PARP6 Gene

    630 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    71115 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BAB14969.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAB59261.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for PARP6 Gene


neXtProt entry for PARP6 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for PARP6 Gene


Post-translational modifications for PARP6 Gene

Domains & Families for PARP6 Gene

Gene Families for PARP6 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for PARP6 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PARP6 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • PARP6 protein (A0PJ50_HUMAN)
  • Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 6 (PARP6_HUMAN)
  • PARP6 protein (Q0VDG0_HUMAN)
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PARP6: view

No data available for Graphical View of Domain Structure and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PARP6 Gene

Function for PARP6 Gene

Molecular function for PARP6 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase that mediates mono-ADP-ribosylation of target proteins.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=L-aspartyl-[protein] + NAD(+) = 4-O-(ADP-D-ribosyl)-L-aspartyl-[protein] + nicotinamide; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:54424, Rhea:RHEA-COMP:9867, Rhea:RHEA-COMP:13832, ChEBI:CHEBI:17154, ChEBI:CHEBI:29961, ChEBI:CHEBI:57540, ChEBI:CHEBI:138102; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=L-cysteinyl-[protein] + NAD(+) = H(+) + nicotinamide + S-(ADP-D-ribosyl)-L-cysteinyl-[protein]; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:56612, Rhea:RHEA-COMP:10131, Rhea:RHEA-COMP:14624, ChEBI:CHEBI:15378, ChEBI:CHEBI:17154, ChEBI:CHEBI:29950, ChEBI:CHEBI:57540, ChEBI:CHEBI:140607; Evidence=. ;.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PARP6 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PARP6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PARP6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003950 NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity IBA 21873635
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016757 transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups IEA --
GO:0019900 kinase binding IBA 21873635
GO:0043539 protein serine/threonine kinase activator activity IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PARP6: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PARP6: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for PARP6 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PARP6

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PARP6

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PARP6 Gene

Localization for PARP6 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PARP6 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
endoplasmic reticulum 3
plasma membrane 2
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PARP6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005635 nuclear envelope IBA 21873635
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IBA 21873635
GO:0071782 endoplasmic reticulum tubular network IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PARP6: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PARP6 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PARP6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PARP6: view

Pathways by source for PARP6 Gene

4 Qiagen pathways for PARP6 Gene
  • all-trans-Retinoic Acid Mediated Apoptosis
  • Cellular Apoptosis Pathway
  • Granzyme Pathway
  • UVA-Induced MAPK Signaling

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PARP6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006471 protein ADP-ribosylation IBA 21873635
GO:0030968 endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response IBA 21873635
GO:0050775 positive regulation of dendrite morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0070213 protein auto-ADP-ribosylation IDA 25043379
GO:0071902 positive regulation of protein serine/threonine kinase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PARP6: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PARP6 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PARP6 Gene

(9) Drugs for PARP6 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Nicotinamide Approved, Investigational Pharma 526,526
NAD Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, Activator 0
NU1025 Experimental Pharma PARP inhibitor,potent and novel, Potent PARP inhibitor 0
INO-1001 Investigational Pharma Potent PARP inhibitor 0
AG-14361 Pharma Potent PARP1 inhibitor 0

(1) Additional Compounds for PARP6 Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(3) Tocris Compounds for PARP6 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
3-Aminobenzamide PARP inhibitor 3544-24-9
4-HQN PARP inhibitor 491-36-1
NU 1025 Potent PARP inhibitor 90417-38-2

(5) ApexBio Compounds for PARP6 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AG-14361 Potent PARP1 inhibitor 328543-09-5
Iniparib (BSI-201) PARP1 inhibitor,intravenously adminsitered 160003-66-7
INO-1001 Potent PARP inhibitor 3544-24-9
ME0328 PARP inhibitor,potent and selective 1445251-22-8
UPF 1069 Selective PARP2 inhibitor 1048371-03-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PARP6: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for PARP6 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PARP6 Gene

17 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
23 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PARP6

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PARP6 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d · 6e · 6f ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - - -
SP10: - - - -
SP11: - -
SP13: - - - -
SP14: - - - -
SP16: - -
SP17: - -

ExUns: 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c · 14d ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23 ^ 24 ^ 25 ^ 26a · 26b ^ 27 ^ 28a · 28b ^ 29a · 29b · 29c ·
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP12: -
SP15: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for PARP6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for PARP6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for PARP6 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PARP6 Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for PARP6

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PARP6 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PARP6 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Kidney(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PARP6: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PARP6 Gene

Orthologs for PARP6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PARP6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PARP6 31
  • 99 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PARP6 31 30
  • 96.61 (n)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PARP6 31 30
  • 95.88 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Parp6 17 31 30
  • 94.81 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Parp6 30
  • 94.23 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PARP6 31
  • 93 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PARP6 31
  • 80 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PARP6 31 30
  • 84.03 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PARP6 31
  • 75 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia parp6 30
  • 77.18 (n)
Str.11258 30
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.17912 30
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii PARP6 (3 of 4) 31
  • 96 (a)
parp6a 31
  • 80 (a)
PARP6 (4 of 4) 31
  • 80 (a)
parp6b 31
  • 80 (a)
LOC100329514 30
  • 73.5 (n)
Dr.15239 30
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.6240 30
Species where no ortholog for PARP6 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PARP6 Gene

Gene Tree for PARP6 (if available)
Gene Tree for PARP6 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PARP6: view image

Paralogs for PARP6 Gene

Paralogs for PARP6 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PARP6 Gene using alignment to 17 proteins:

  • A0PJ50_HUMAN
  • F5H3B4_HUMAN
  • H3BQ70_HUMAN
  • L8EB14_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PARP6: view

Variants for PARP6 Gene

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for PARP6 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PARP6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1601 CNV deletion 18451855

Variation tolerance for PARP6 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 8.43% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.75; 15.83% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PARP6 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for PARP6 Gene

Disorders for PARP6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for PARP6 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • corynebacterium infection
  • porokeratosis of mibelli
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PARP6 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for PARP6

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PARP6: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PARP6 Gene

Publications for PARP6 Gene

  1. Family-wide analysis of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity. (PMID: 25043379) Vyas S … Chang P (Nature communications 2014) 3 4 54
  2. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 41 54
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 54
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 54
  5. The PARP superfamily. (PMID: 15273990) Amé JC … de Murcia G (BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology 2004) 2 3 54

Products for PARP6 Gene

Sources for PARP6 Gene