Aliases for PARP14 Gene
External Ids for PARP14 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PARP14 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein family. The encoded anti-apoptotic protein may regulate aerobic glycolysis and promote survival of cancer cells. Increased expression of this gene has been reported in a variety of tumor types. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]
GeneCards Summary for PARP14 Gene
PARP14 (Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Family Member 14) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors and IL4-mediated signaling events. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PARP15.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PARP14 Gene
ADP-ribosyltransferase that mediates mono-ADP-ribosylation of glutamate residues on target proteins (PubMed:16061477, PubMed:27796300, PubMed:18851833, PubMed:25043379). In contrast to PARP1 and PARP2, it is not able to mediate poly-ADP-ribosylation (PubMed:25043379). Has been shown to catalyze the mono-ADP-ribosylation of STAT1 at 'Glu-657' and 'Glu-705', thus decreasing STAT1 phosphorylation which negatively regulates pro-inflammatory cytokine production in macrophages in response to IFNG stimulation (PubMed:27796300). However, the role of ADP-ribosylation in the prevention of STAT1 phosphorylation has been called into question and it has been suggested that the inhibition of phosphorylation may be the result of sumoylation of STAT1 'Lys-703' (PubMed:29858569). Mono-ADP-ribosylates STAT6; enhancing STAT6-dependent transcription (PubMed:27796300). In macrophages, positively regulates MRC1 expression in response to IL4 stimulation by promoting STAT6 phosphorylation (PubMed:27796300). Mono-ADP-ribosylates PARP9 (PubMed:27796300).
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) catalyzes the post-translational modification of proteins by the addition of multiple ADP-ribose moieties. PARP transfers ADP-ribose from nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD) to Glu/Asp residues on the substrate protein.