Aliases for PARG Gene
External Ids for PARG Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PARG Gene
Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) is the major enzyme responsible for the catabolism of poly(ADP-ribose), a reversible covalent-modifier of chromosomal proteins. The protein is found in many tissues and may be subject to proteolysis generating smaller, active products. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PARG Gene
PARG (Poly(ADP-Ribose) Glycohydrolase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PARG include Osebold-Remondini Syndrome and Hypercholesterolemia, Familial, 4. Among its related pathways are Telomere C-strand (Lagging Strand) Synthesis and DNA Double-Strand Break Repair. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for PARG Gene
Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase that degrades poly(ADP-ribose) by hydrolyzing the ribose-ribose bonds present in poly(ADP-ribose) (PubMed:21892188, PubMed:23102699, PubMed:23474714). PARG acts both as an endo- and exoglycosidase, releasing poly(ADP-ribose) of different length as well as ADP-ribose monomers (PubMed:23102699, PubMed:23481255). It is however unable to cleave the ester bond between the terminal ADP-ribose and ADP-ribosylated residues, leaving proteins that are mono-ADP-ribosylated (PubMed:21892188, PubMed:23474714). Poly(ADP-ribose) is synthesized after DNA damage is only present transiently and is rapidly degraded by PARG (PubMed:23102699). Required to prevent detrimental accumulation of poly(ADP-ribose) upon prolonged replicative stress, while it is not required for recovery from transient replicative stress (PubMed:24906880). Required for retinoid acid-dependent gene transactivation, probably by removing poly(ADP-ribose) from histone demethylase KDM4D, allowing chromatin derepression at RAR-dependent gene promoters (PubMed:23102699). Involved in the synthesis of ATP in the nucleus, together with PARP1, NMNAT1 and NUDT5 (PubMed:27257257). Nuclear ATP generation is required for extensive chromatin remodeling events that are energy-consuming (PubMed:27257257).