Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PANK2 Gene

Aliases for PANK2 Gene

  • Pantothenate Kinase 2 2 3 5
  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome 2 3
  • Pantothenic Acid Kinase 2 3 4
  • C20orf48 3 4
  • Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 1 (Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome) 2
  • Pantothenate Kinase 2, Mitochondrial 3
  • EC 4
  • HPanK2 4
  • NBIA1 3
  • HARP 3
  • PKAN 3
  • HSS 3

External Ids for PANK2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for PANK2 Gene

  • C20orf48
  • NBIA1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PANK2 Gene

  • GC20P003857
  • GC20P003864
  • GC20P003817
  • GC20P003869

Summaries for PANK2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PANK2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein belonging to the pantothenate kinase family and is the only member of that family to be expressed in mitochondria. Pantothenate kinase is a key regulatory enzyme in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A (CoA) in bacteria and mammalian cells. It catalyzes the first committed step in the universal biosynthetic pathway leading to CoA and is itself subject to regulation through feedback inhibition by acyl CoA species. Mutations in this gene are associated with HARP syndrome and pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), formerly Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome. Alternative splicing, involving the use of alternate first exons, results in multiple transcripts encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PANK2 Gene

PANK2 (Pantothenate Kinase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PANK2 include Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 1 and Hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, Acanthocytosis, Retinitis Pigmentosa, And Pallidal Degeneration. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of water-soluble vitamins and cofactors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include pantothenate kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PANK1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PANK2 Gene

  • May be the master regulator of the CoA biosynthesis.

Gene Wiki entry for PANK2 Gene

Additional gene information for PANK2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PANK2 Gene

Genomics for PANK2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PANK2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PANK2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH20J003887 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 658.5 +1.0 999 4.7 MLX FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 ENSG00000229539 PANK2 GC20M003886 UBOX5-AS1 UBOX5 CDC25B ADAM33 RNF24 PRND GC20P003875
GH20J004012 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 13.9 +125.4 125381 3.9 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 RNF24 ENSG00000229539 PANK2 ADAM33 AP5S1 SMOX PIR48338
GH20J003845 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12 -42.2 -42221 3 HDGF ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZBTB7B YY1 SLC30A9 POLR2B ZNF207 MAVS CDC25B AP5S1 CENPB PANK2 ENSG00000229539 HSPA12B
GH20J004081 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.2 +195.0 195026 5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 RPL21P2 PANK2 SMOX ENSG00000229539 CENPB CDC25B SPEF1 MAVS RNF24 ENSG00000205300
GH20J004169 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 +282.9 282899 5.1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 GC20P004170 LINC01433 CDC25B PANK2 ENSG00000229539 MAVS SMOX GC20M004182
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around PANK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PANK2 gene promoter:
  • c-Myb
  • RORalpha2
  • C/EBPbeta
  • POU2F1a

Genomic Locations for PANK2 Gene

Genomic Locations for PANK2 Gene
41,044 bases
Plus strand
38,120 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PANK2 Gene

Genes around PANK2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PANK2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PANK2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PANK2 Gene

Proteins for PANK2 Gene

  • Protein details for PANK2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Pantothenate kinase 2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B1AK33
    • B2Z3X0
    • D3DVZ0
    • Q5T7I2
    • Q5T7I4
    • Q7RTX5
    • Q8N7Q4
    • Q8TCR5
    • Q9BYW5
    • Q9HAF2

    Protein attributes for PANK2 Gene

    570 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    62681 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    • The HSS syndrome has been proposed to be renamed because of the unethical activities of Julius Hallervorden and Hugo Spatz during world war II.
    • Sequence=BAC05173.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for PANK2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for PANK2 Gene


neXtProt entry for PANK2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for PANK2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PANK2 Gene

Domains & Families for PANK2 Gene

Gene Families for PANK2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for PANK2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PANK2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the type II pantothenate kinase family.
  • Belongs to the type II pantothenate kinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PANK2: view

Function for PANK2 Gene

Molecular function for PANK2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May be the master regulator of the CoA biosynthesis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + (R)-pantothenate = ADP + (R)-4-phosphopantothenate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Regulated by feedback inhibition by CoA and its thioesters.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PANK2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PANK2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PANK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004594 pantothenate kinase activity TAS,NAS --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17353931
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016301 kinase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PANK2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PANK2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for PANK2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for PANK2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PANK2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PANK2

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PANK2

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PANK2 Gene

Localization for PANK2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PANK2 Gene

Isoform 1: Mitochondrion.
Isoform 2: Cytoplasm.
Isoform 3: Cytoplasm.
Isoform 4: Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PANK2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 5
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PANK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion NAS 22221393
GO:0005758 mitochondrial intermembrane space TAS --
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PANK2: view

Pathways & Interactions for PANK2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PANK2: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9BZ23-PANK2_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Cofactor biosynthesis; coenzyme A biosynthesis; CoA from (R)-pantothenate: step 1/5.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PANK2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007286 spermatid development IEA --
GO:0009060 aerobic respiration IEA --
GO:0009108 coenzyme biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0015937 coenzyme A biosynthetic process NAS 22221393
GO:0015939 pantothenate metabolic process NAS 22221393
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PANK2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PANK2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PANK2 Gene

(4) Drugs for PANK2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Pantothenic acid Approved, Vet_approved Nutra 26
ATP Investigational Nutra Agonist, Activator, Full agonist, Antagonist, Potentiation, Pore Blocker 0

(9) Additional Compounds for PANK2 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (R)-4'-Phosphopantothenoyl-L-cysteine
  • N-((R)-4'-Phosphopantothenoyl)-L-cysteine
  • N-[(R)-4'-Phosphopantothenoyl]-L-cysteine
  • (R)-4'-phospho-N-Pantothenoyl-L-cysteine
  • (R)-N-[N-[2-Hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxo-4-(phosphonooxy)butyl]-b-alanyl]-L-cysteine
  • 5'-Adenylphosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-diphosphate
  • ADENOSINE-5'-diphosphATE
  • H3ADP
  • 5'-Adenylphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist, Partial agonist, Antagonist, Gating inhibitor 58-64-0
  • (R)-4'-Phosphopantothenate
  • 4'-P-Pantothenate
  • 4'-Phosphopantothenate
  • D-4'-Phosphopantothenic acid
  • Phosphopantothenic acid
  • N-((R)-Pantothenoyl)-L-cysteine
  • N-Pantothenoylcystein
  • FE (II) ion
  • Fe(II)
  • Fe(2+)
  • Ferrous ion
  • Iron ion(2+)
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PANK2: view

Transcripts for PANK2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PANK2 Gene

(17) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(13) Additional mRNA sequences :
(11) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(12) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PANK2 Gene

Pantothenate kinase 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for PANK2

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for PANK2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PANK2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c · 12d
SP1: - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - -
SP9: - - -
SP10: - - -

Relevant External Links for PANK2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PANK2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PANK2 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PANK2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (36.2) and Adrenal (10.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for PANK2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PANK2 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PANK2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PANK2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PANK2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PANK2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Liver(4.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PANK2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • larynx
  • mouth
  • neck
  • pharynx
  • vocal cord
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • intestine
  • large intestine
  • stomach
  • prostate
  • rectum
  • urinary bladder
  • foot
  • lower limb
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PANK2: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for PANK2 Gene

Orthologs for PANK2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PANK2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PANK2 34 33
  • 97.12 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PANK2 34 33
  • 93.96 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PANK2 34 33
  • 93.29 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PANK2 34
  • 90 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pank2 16 34 33
  • 89.16 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pank2 33
  • 89.01 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PANK2 34
  • 83 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PANK2 34 33
  • 77.97 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pank2 33
  • 75.07 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pank2 34 33
  • 69.21 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta fbl 34
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pnk-4 34
  • 12 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CAB1 34
  • 32 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 51 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PANK2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PANK2 Gene

Gene Tree for PANK2 (if available)
Gene Tree for PANK2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for PANK2: view image

Paralogs for PANK2 Gene

Paralogs for PANK2 Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for PANK2 Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

  • A4FU43_HUMAN
  • Q52M85_HUMAN
  • Q6P1K9_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PANK2: view

Variants for PANK2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PANK2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1012947103 with brain iron accumulation 1 (NBIA1) [MIM:234200] 3,912,505(+) G/A 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1057518915 pathogenic, Neurodegeneration 3,908,191(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs10679953 benign, not specified, Pigmentary pallidal degeneration 3,916,913(+) TTCCCC/TTCCCCTTCCCC genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs137852959 pathogenic, Pigmentary pallidal degeneration, Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1, atypical, Hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, acanthocytosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and pallidal degeneration, Inborn genetic diseases, not provided, Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1 (NBIA1) [MIM:234200] 3,918,695(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs137852960 pathogenic, Pigmentary pallidal degeneration 3,889,670(+) C/G/T 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, stop_gained, synonymous_variant, upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PANK2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv776e199 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2668086 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2674429 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2722123 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3556756 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3645053 CNV loss 21293372
esv3645054 CNV gain 21293372
esv3645059 CNV loss 21293372
esv3645060 CNV loss 21293372
esv3645061 CNV loss 21293372
esv3645062 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1127812 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv828673 CNV gain 20364138
nsv828676 CNV loss 20364138

Variation tolerance for PANK2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 18% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.17; 69.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PANK2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PANK2 Gene

Disorders for PANK2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(21) MalaCards diseases for PANK2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards


  • Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1 (NBIA1) [MIM:234200]: Autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder associated with iron accumulation in the brain, primarily in the basal ganglia. Clinical manifestations include progressive muscle spasticity, hyperreflexia, muscle rigidity, dystonia, dysarthria, and intellectual deterioration which progresses to severe dementia over several years. It is clinically classified into classic, atypical, and intermediate phenotypes. Classic forms present with onset in first decade, rapid progression, loss of independent ambulation within 15 years. Atypical forms have onset in second decade, slow progression, maintenance of independent ambulation up to 40 years later. Intermediate forms manifest onset in first decade with slow progression or onset in second decade with rapid progression. Patients with early onset tend to also develop pigmentary retinopathy, whereas those with later onset tend to also have speech disorders and psychiatric features. All patients have the eye of the tiger sign on brain MRI. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11479594, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12510040, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15834858, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22930366, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24075960, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24655737, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27185474}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Hypoprebetalipoproteinemia, acanthocytosis, retinitis pigmentosa, and pallidal degeneration (HARP) [MIM:607236]: Rare syndrome with many clinical similarities to PKAN. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12058097}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for PANK2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PANK2: view

No data available for Genatlas for PANK2 Gene

Publications for PANK2 Gene

  1. A novel pantothenate kinase gene (PANK2) is defective in Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome. (PMID: 11479594) Zhou B … Hayflick SJ (Nature genetics 2001) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of PANK2 mutations in patients with neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation. (PMID: 16437574) Hartig MB … Meitinger T (Annals of neurology 2006) 3 22 44 58
  3. Mutations in the pantothenate kinase gene PANK2 are not associated with Parkinson disease. (PMID: 15843062) Klopstock T … Hörtnagel K (Neuroscience letters 2005) 3 22 44 58
  4. An isoform of hPANK2, deficient in pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, localizes to mitochondria. (PMID: 12554685) Hörtnagel K … Meitinger T (Human molecular genetics 2003) 3 4 22 58
  5. Novel homozygous PANK2 mutation causing atypical pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) in a Cypriot family. (PMID: 24655737) Tanteles GA … Kleopa KA (Journal of the neurological sciences 2014) 3 4 58

Products for PANK2 Gene

Sources for PANK2 Gene

Loading form....