Aliases for P2RY2 Gene
External Ids for P2RY2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for P2RY2 Gene
The product of this gene belongs to the family of P2 receptors, which is activated by extracellular nucleotides and subdivided into P2X ligand-gated ion channels and P2Y G-protein coupled receptors. This family has several receptor subtypes with different pharmacological selectivity, which overlaps in some cases, for various adenosine and uridine nucleotides. This receptor, found on many cell types, is activated by ATP and UTP and is reported to be overexpressed on some cancer cell types. It is involved in many cellular functions, such as proliferation, apoptosis and inflammation. Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]
GeneCards Summary for P2RY2 Gene
P2RY2 (Purinergic Receptor P2Y2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with P2RY2 include Dry Eye Syndrome and Lacrimal Apparatus Disease. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and G-protein coupled purinergic nucleotide receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is P2RY4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RY2 Gene
Receptor for ATP and UTP coupled to G-proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The affinity range is UTP = ATP > ATP-gamma-S >> 2-methylthio-ATP = ADP.
P2Y receptors are G-protein-coupled receptors that respond to extracellular purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. To date, eight mammalian P2Y receptors are known (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, P2Y11-14) as well as the non-mammalian p2y3, p2y8 and p2y receptors.