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Aliases for P2RX5 Gene

Aliases for P2RX5 Gene

  • Purinergic Receptor P2X 5 2 3 5
  • P2X5 3 4
  • Purinergic Receptor P2X, Ligand Gated Ion Channel, 5 3
  • Purinergic Receptor P2X, Ligand-Gated Ion Channel, 5 2
  • Lymphoid-Restricted Histocompatibility Antigen-1 3
  • Ionotropic ATP Receptor P2X5 3
  • ATP Receptor Subunit 3
  • Purinergic Receptor 4
  • P2X Purinoceptor 5 3
  • ATP Receptor 4
  • LRH-1 3
  • P2X5R 3

External Ids for P2RX5 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for P2RX5 Gene

  • GC17M003890
  • GC17M003526
  • GC17M003784
  • GC17M003785
  • GC17M003523
  • GC17M003468
  • GC17M003575

Summaries for P2RX5 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for P2RX5 Gene

  • The product of this gene belongs to the family of purinoceptors for ATP. This receptor functions as a ligand-gated ion channel. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring downstream gene, TAX1BP3 (Tax1 binding protein 3). [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

GeneCards Summary for P2RX5 Gene

P2RX5 (Purinergic Receptor P2X 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with P2RX5 include Cystinosis. Among its related pathways are Platelet homeostasis and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transmembrane signaling receptor activity and purinergic nucleotide receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is P2RX5-TAX1BP3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX5 Gene

  • Receptor for ATP that acts as a ligand-gated ion channel.

Tocris Summary for P2RX5 Gene

  • P2X receptors are members of the ligand-gated ion channel family that open in response to extracellular ATP. Each receptor is made up of a trimer of subunits (P2X1-7) all of which share the common structure of two transmembrane domains.

Gene Wiki entry for P2RX5 Gene

Additional gene information for P2RX5 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for P2RX5 Gene

Genomics for P2RX5 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for P2RX5 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for P2RX5 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH17J003690 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 657.9 +2.3 2255 8.1 HDGF PKNOX1 SIN3A FEZF1 IRF4 ZNF121 ZNF207 ZNF143 ATF7 RUNX3 P2RX5 HASPIN P2RX5-TAX1BP3 EMC6
GH17J003688 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 650.4 +8.3 8340 0.1 ZNF143 ZBTB17 P2RX5 P2RX5-TAX1BP3 EMC6
GH17J003665 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 +28.5 28477 4.2 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 POLR2B TAX1BP3 EMC6 CTNS P2RX5 HASPIN RPL21P125 P2RX5-TAX1BP3
GH17J003798 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.5 -105.6 -105632 8.1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 IRF4 ZNF48 ETS1 YY1 SLC30A9 ITGAE HASPIN P2RX5 NCBP3 ZZEF1 CTNS P2RX1 GC17M003807
GH17J003534 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.8 +160.6 160564 2.3 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT SIN3A GLI4 ZNF2 GLIS2 ZNF143 ZFP91 TRPV3 GC17M003518 RN7SL608P ANKFY1 ZZEF1 OR1E2 OR3A4P OR1D3P OR1E3 OR1D5
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around P2RX5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the P2RX5 gene promoter:
  • aMEF-2
  • MEF-2A
  • POU2F1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • AML1a
  • POU2F1a
  • Gfi-1
  • c-Myb
  • GATA-1

Genomic Locations for P2RX5 Gene

Genomic Locations for P2RX5 Gene
24,206 bases
Minus strand
24,206 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for P2RX5 Gene

Genes around P2RX5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
P2RX5 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for P2RX5 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for P2RX5 Gene

Proteins for P2RX5 Gene

  • Protein details for P2RX5 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    P2X purinoceptor 5
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • G5E981
    • O43450
    • O75540
    • Q308M5
    • Q59F38
    • Q8IXW4
    • Q93087
    • Q9NZV0

    Protein attributes for P2RX5 Gene

    422 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47205 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Functional P2XRs are organized as homomeric and heteromeric trimers.
    • Sequence=AAF43106.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AK307959; Type=Frameshift; Positions=112; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAD92860.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=112; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BC028084; Type=Frameshift; Positions=112; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for P2RX5 Gene


neXtProt entry for P2RX5 Gene

Post-translational modifications for P2RX5 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn202 and isoforms=3, 2, 4, 577
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for P2RX5 Gene

Domains & Families for P2RX5 Gene

Gene Families for P2RX5 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for P2RX5 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the P2X receptor family.
  • Belongs to the P2X receptor family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with P2RX5: view

Function for P2RX5 Gene

Molecular function for P2RX5 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for ATP that acts as a ligand-gated ion channel.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for P2RX5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for P2RX5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001614 purinergic nucleotide receptor activity NAS 17895406
GO:0004888 transmembrane signaling receptor activity TAS 9414125
GO:0004931 extracellularly ATP-gated cation channel activity NAS,IEA 17895406
GO:0005216 ion channel activity IEA,TAS 9414125
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA,NAS 17895406
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX5: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with P2RX5: view

Animal Models for P2RX5 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for P2RX5:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for P2RX5

miRNA for P2RX5 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target P2RX5

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for P2RX5 Gene

Localization for P2RX5 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX5 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for P2RX5 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for P2RX5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005639 integral component of nuclear inner membrane IBA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane IEA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX5: view

Pathways & Interactions for P2RX5 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with P2RX5: view

Pathways by source for P2RX5 Gene

Interacting Proteins for P2RX5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for P2RX5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006811 ion transport IEA --
GO:0006812 cation transport IBA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 9414125
GO:0007399 nervous system development TAS 9414125
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX5: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for P2RX5 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for P2RX5 Gene

(9) Drugs for P2RX5 Gene - From: Tocris and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
KN-93 Pharma CaMKII inhibitor,selective and cometitive 0
2-Methylthioadenosine triphosphate tetrasodium salt Pharma P2 purinergic agonist 0
NF 157 Pharma Selective P2Y11/P2X1 antagonist 0
PPADS tetrasodium salt Pharma P2 purinergic antagonist 0
Suramin hexasodium salt Pharma Non-selective P2 antagonist 0

(1) Additional Compounds for P2RX5 Gene - From: Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
ATPgammaS tetralithium salt

(5) Tocris Compounds for P2RX5 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
2-Methylthioadenosine triphosphate tetrasodium salt P2 purinergic agonist 100020-57-3
ATPgammaS tetralithium salt P2 agonist; ATP (Cat. No. 3245) analog 93839-89-5
NF 157 Selective P2Y11/P2X1 antagonist 104869-26-3
PPADS tetrasodium salt P2 purinergic antagonist 192575-19-2
Suramin hexasodium salt Non-selective P2 antagonist 129-46-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with P2RX5: view

Transcripts for P2RX5 Gene

Unigene Clusters for P2RX5 Gene

Purinergic receptor P2X, ligand-gated ion channel, 5:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for P2RX5 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for P2RX5 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for P2RX5 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for P2RX5 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for P2RX5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Spleen (x16.1), Whole Blood (x5.5), and Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x4.6).

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of P2RX5 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for P2RX5 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for P2RX5 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed at high levels in brain and immune system.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for P2RX5 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Lung(4.5)
  • Spleen(4.4)
  • Kidney(4.3)
  • Blood(4.2)
  • Intestine(2.9)
  • Pancreas(2.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with P2RX5: view

No data available for Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for P2RX5 Gene

Orthologs for P2RX5 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for P2RX5 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia P2RX5 33
  • 98.82 (n)
-- 34
  • 97 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia P2RX5 33
  • 81.41 (n)
-- 34
  • 60 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia P2RX5 33
  • 80.84 (n)
P2X5 34
  • 75 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia P2rx5 16 34 33
  • 76.12 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia P2rx5 33
  • 75.43 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 61 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 57 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves P2RX5 34 33
  • 73.99 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia p2rx5 33
  • 68.64 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii p2rx5 34 33
  • 61.06 (n)
p2rx8 34
  • 42 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.718 33
Species where no ortholog for P2RX5 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for P2RX5 Gene

Gene Tree for P2RX5 (if available)
Gene Tree for P2RX5 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for P2RX5: view image

Paralogs for P2RX5 Gene

Paralogs for P2RX5 Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for P2RX5 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

  • K7EQ78_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with P2RX5: view

Variants for P2RX5 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for P2RX5 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs3215407 benign, not specified 3,690,983(-) GGGGG/GGGG/GGGGGG coding_sequence_variant, frameshift, intron_variant
rs1000075365 -- 3,697,247(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000312763 -- 3,685,377(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000343690 -- 3,675,772(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1000376237 -- 3,675,329(-) C/G intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for P2RX5 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1406n106 CNV deletion 24896259
dgv5424n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv5425n54 CNV loss 21841781
dgv5426n54 CNV gain+loss 21841781
dgv5427n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv5428n54 CNV loss 21841781
esv1195616 CNV deletion 17803354
esv1604795 CNV deletion 17803354
esv2094472 CNV deletion 18987734
esv22375 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv2715531 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3447841 CNV duplication 20981092
nsv1055740 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1065489 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1070796 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv111790 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv1947 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv1948 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv512471 CNV loss 21212237
nsv574237 CNV loss 21841781
nsv574244 CNV loss 21841781
nsv574246 CNV gain+loss 21841781
nsv574262 CNV loss 21841781
nsv827860 CNV loss 20364138
nsv833342 CNV loss 17160897
nsv952107 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for P2RX5 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 78.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.66; 45.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for P2RX5 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX5 Gene

Disorders for P2RX5 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for P2RX5 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • cystine storage disease
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search P2RX5 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for P2RX5

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with P2RX5: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for P2RX5 Gene

Publications for P2RX5 Gene

  1. Primary structure and expression of a naturally truncated human P2X ATP receptor subunit from brain and immune system. (PMID: 9414125) Lê KT … Séguéla P (FEBS letters 1997) 2 3 4 58
  2. Purinoceptor expression on keratinocytes reflects their function on the epidermis during chronic venous insufficiency. (PMID: 16967306) Metcalfe MJ … Burnstock G (Archives of dermatological research 2006) 3 22 58
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  4. Purinergic receptors are part of a functional signaling system for proliferation and differentiation of human epidermal keratinocytes. (PMID: 12787128) Greig AV … Burnstock G (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2003) 3 22 58
  5. Expression of purinergic receptors in non-melanoma skin cancers and their functional roles in A431 cells. (PMID: 12880424) Greig AV … Burnstock G (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2003) 3 22 58

Products for P2RX5 Gene

Sources for P2RX5 Gene

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