Aliases for OTX2 Gene
External Ids for OTX2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OTX2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the bicoid subfamily of homeodomain-containing transcription factors. The encoded protein acts as a transcription factor and plays a role in brain, craniofacial, and sensory organ development. The encoded protein also influences the proliferation and differentiation of dopaminergic neuronal progenitor cells during mitosis. Mutations in this gene cause syndromic microphthalmia 5 (MCOPS5) and combined pituitary hormone deficiency 6 (CPHD6). This gene is also suspected of having an oncogenic role in medulloblastoma. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. Pseudogenes of this gene are known to exist on chromosomes two and nine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for OTX2 Gene
OTX2 (Orthodenticle Homeobox 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OTX2 include Microphthalmia, Syndromic 5 and Pituitary Hormone Deficiency, Combined, 6. Among its related pathways are Dopaminergic Neurogenesis and Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiation Pathways and Lineage-specific Markers. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is OTX1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for OTX2 Gene
Transcription factor probably involved in the development of the brain and the sense organs. Can bind to the bicoid/BCD target sequence (BTS): 5-TCTAATCCC-3.