External Ids for OSBP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OSBP Gene
Oxysterol binding protein is an intracellular protein that is believed to transport sterols from lysosomes to the nucleus where the sterol down-regulates the genes for the LDL receptor, HMG-CoA reductase, and HMG synthetase [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for OSBP Gene
OSBP (Oxysterol Binding Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OSBP include Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 8 and Robinow Syndrome, Autosomal Dominant 2. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Sphingolipid metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein domain specific binding and oxysterol binding. An important paralog of this gene is OSBP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for OSBP Gene
Lipid transporter involved in lipid countertransport between the Golgi complex and membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum: specifically exchanges sterol with phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), delivering sterol to the Golgi in exchange for PI4P, which is degraded by the SAC1/SACM1L phosphatase in the endoplasmic reticulum (PubMed:24209621). Binds cholesterol and a range of oxysterols including 25-hydroxycholesterol (PubMed:15746430, PubMed:17428193). Cholesterol binding promotes the formation of a complex with PP2A and a tyrosine phosphatase which dephosphorylates ERK1/2, whereas 25-hydroxycholesterol causes its disassembly (PubMed:15746430). Regulates cholesterol efflux by decreasing ABCA1 stability (PubMed:18450749).