Aliases for OR51E2 Gene
External Ids for OR51E2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for OR51E2 Gene
Olfactory receptors interact with odorant molecules in the nose, to initiate a neuronal response that triggers the perception of a smell. The olfactory receptor proteins are members of a large family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) arising from single coding-exon genes. Olfactory receptors share a 7-transmembrane domain structure with many neurotransmitter and hormone receptors and are responsible for the recognition and G protein-mediated transduction of odorant signals. The olfactory receptor gene family is the largest in the genome. The nomenclature assigned to the olfactory receptor genes and proteins for this organism is independent of other organisms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for OR51E2 Gene
OR51E2 (Olfactory Receptor Family 51 Subfamily E Member 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with OR51E2 include Prostate Cancer and Retinal Arteries, Tortuosity Of. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Olfactory transduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and steroid hormone receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is OR51E1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for OR51E2 Gene
Olfactory receptor (PubMed:29249973, PubMed:27226631). Activated by the odorant, beta-ionone, a synthetic terpenoid (PubMed:29249973, PubMed:27226631, PubMed:19389702). The activity of this receptor is propably mediated by G-proteins leading to the elevation of intracellular Ca(2+), cAMP and activation of the protein kinases PKA and MAPK3/MAPK1 (PubMed:27226631, PubMed:29249973). Stimulation of OR51E2 by beta-ionone affects melanocyte proliferation, differentiation, and melanogenesis (PubMed:27226631). Activation of OR51E2 by beta-ionone increases proliferation and migration of primary retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells (PubMed:29249973). Activated also by the short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) acetate and propionate. In response to SCFA, may positively regulate renin secretion and increase blood pressure (PubMed:23401498). May also be activated by steroid hormones and regulate cell proliferation (PubMed:19389702). Activated by L-lactate in glomus cells (By similarity).