Aliases for NUDT5 Gene
External Ids for NUDT5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NUDT5 Gene
This gene belongs to the Nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X) hydrolase superfamily. The encoded enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of modified nucleoside diphosphates, including ADP-ribose (ADPR) and 8-oxoGua-containing 8-oxo-dADP and 8-oxo-dGDP. Protein-bound ADP ribose can be hazardous to the cell because it can modify some amino acid residues, resulting in the inhibition of ATP-activated potassium channels. 8-oxoGua is an oxidized form of guanine that can potentially alter genetic information by pairing with adenine and cytosine in RNA. Presence of 8-oxoGua in RNA results in formation of abnormal proteins due to translational errors. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
GeneCards Summary for NUDT5 Gene
NUDT5 (Nudix Hydrolase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NUDT5 include Traumatic Glaucoma and Aqueous Misdirection. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism of nucleotides. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and snoRNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is NUDT14.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NUDT5 Gene
Enzyme that can either act as an ADP-sugar pyrophosphatase in absence of diphosphate or catalyze the synthesis of ATP in presence of diphosphate (PubMed:27257257). In absence of diphosphate, hydrolyzes with similar activities various modified nucleoside diphosphates such as ADP-ribose, ADP-mannose, ADP-glucose, 8-oxo-GDP and 8-oxo-dGDP (PubMed:10567213, PubMed:10722730, PubMed:19699693, PubMed:21389046, PubMed:17052728). Can also hydrolyze other nucleotide sugars with low activity (PubMed:19699693, PubMed:21389046). In presence of diphosphate, mediates the synthesis of ATP in the nucleus by catalyzing the conversion of ADP-ribose to ATP and ribose 5-phosphate. Nuclear ATP synthesis takes place when dephosphorylated at Thr-45 (PubMed:27257257). Nuclear ATP generation is required for extensive chromatin remodeling events that are energy-consuming (PubMed:27257257). Does not play a role in U8 snoRNA decapping activity (By similarity). Binds U8 snoRNA (By similarity).