Aliases for NUDT1 Gene
External Ids for NUDT1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for NUDT1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NUDT1 Gene
Misincorporation of oxidized nucleoside triphosphates into DNA/RNA during replication and transcription can cause mutations that may result in carcinogenesis or neurodegeneration. The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that hydrolyzes oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates, such as 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-dATP, 2-hydroxy-dATP, and 2-hydroxy rATP, to monophosphates, thereby preventing misincorporation. The encoded protein is localized mainly in the cytoplasm, with some in the mitochondria, suggesting that it is involved in the sanitization of nucleotide pools both for nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants, some of which encode distinct isoforms, have been identified. Additional variants have been observed, but their full-length natures have not been determined. A rare single-nucleotide polymorphism that results in the production of an additional, longer isoform (p26) has been described. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2018]
GeneCards Summary for NUDT1 Gene
NUDT1 (Nudix Hydrolase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NUDT1 include Familial Adenomatous Polyposis and Attenuated Familial Adenomatous Polyposis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and DNA Damage. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and snoRNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is NUDT17.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for NUDT1 Gene
Antimutagenic (PubMed:8226881, PubMed:7713500, PubMed:10608900). Plays a redundant role in sanitizing oxidized nucleotide pools, such as 8-oxo-dGTP pools (PubMed:28679043). Acts as a sanitizing enzyme for oxidized nucleotide pools, thus suppressing cell dysfunction and death induced by oxidative stress (PubMed:12857738, PubMed:24695224, PubMed:24695225). Hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-dATP and 2-OH-dATP, thus preventing misincorporation of oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates into DNA and subsequently preventing A:T to C:G and G:C to T:A transversions (PubMed:8226881, PubMed:10373420, PubMed:10608900, PubMed:11756418, PubMed:12857738, PubMed:16607562, PubMed:24695224, PubMed:24695225, PubMed:26999531, PubMed:28035004). Able to hydrolyze also the corresponding ribonucleotides, 2-OH-ATP, 8-oxo-GTP and 8-oxo-ATP (PubMed:10373420, PubMed:11139615). Does not play a role in U8 snoRNA decapping activity. Binds U8 snoRNA (By similarity).