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Aliases for NT5M Gene

Aliases for NT5M Gene

  • 5',3'-Nucleotidase, Mitochondrial 2 3
  • 5,3-Nucleotidase, Mitochondrial 4 5
  • 5 Nucleotidase, Mitochondrial 2 3
  • Deoxy-5-Nucleotidase 2 3 4
  • DNT-2 3 4
  • DNT2 3 4
  • 5(3)-Deoxyribonucleotidase, Mitochondrial 3
  • Mitochondrial 5 Nucleotidase 3
  • 5(3)-Deoxyribonucleotidase 3
  • EC 3.1.3.- 4
  • MdN 3

External Ids for NT5M Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for NT5M Gene

  • GC17P017521
  • GC17P018565
  • GC17P017149
  • GC17P017407
  • GC17P017147
  • GC17P016959
  • GC17P017206

Summaries for NT5M Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NT5M Gene

  • This gene encodes a 5' nucleotidase that localizes to the mitochondrial matrix. This enzyme dephosphorylates the 5'- and 2'(3')-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides. The gene is located within the Smith-Magenis syndrome region on chromosome 17. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for NT5M Gene

NT5M (5',3'-Nucleotidase, Mitochondrial) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NT5M include Adiaspiromycosis and Ametropic Amblyopia. Among its related pathways are NAD metabolism and Pyrimidine metabolism (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleotide binding and nucleotidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NT5C.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NT5M Gene

  • Dephosphorylates specifically the 5 and 2(3)-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.

Additional gene information for NT5M Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NT5M Gene

Genomics for NT5M Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for NT5M Gene

Promoters and enhancers for NT5M Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH17J017302 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 663.1 +1.0 1045 3.7 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 TCF12 POLR2B ZNF766 NT5M DRG2 FLII LOC644422 FLCN COPS3 PLD6 GC17M017313
GH17J017234 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 34 -66.5 -66537 3.6 HDGF CLOCK FOXA2 SMAD1 MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 FLCN ENSG00000264187 ENSG00000266498 NT5M LOC644422 DRG2 SMCR5 RPL13P12 LRRC75A-AS1 MPRIP-AS1
GH17J017279 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 37.5 -22.4 -22426 2.6 PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 POLR2B E2F8 COPS3 PIR50772 PIR47486 FLCN NT5M DRG2 LOC644422 MPRIP-AS1 MPRIP FLII
GH17J017203 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12.5 -97.9 -97927 4.1 HDGF PKNOX1 CLOCK MLX ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 PLD6 FLCN LOC100419436 NT5M UPF3AP1 RAI1 COPS3 PIR44036 ENSG00000264187 MPRIP
GH17J017275 Enhancer 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 37.6 -27.0 -27034 1 PKNOX1 ZBTB17 FLCN NT5M COPS3 ATPAF2 GC17P017245
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around NT5M on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the NT5M gene promoter:
  • p53
  • POU3F1
  • CUTL1
  • E2F
  • E2F-1
  • E2F-2
  • E2F-3a
  • E2F-4
  • E2F-5
  • GCNF-2

Genomic Locations for NT5M Gene

Genomic Locations for NT5M Gene
44,329 bases
Plus strand
44,329 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for NT5M Gene

Genes around NT5M on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
NT5M Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for NT5M Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NT5M Gene

Proteins for NT5M Gene

  • Protein details for NT5M Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    5(3)-deoxyribonucleotidase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for NT5M Gene

    228 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25862 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NT5M Gene

neXtProt entry for NT5M Gene

Post-translational modifications for NT5M Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NT5M Gene

Domains & Families for NT5M Gene

Gene Families for NT5M Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for NT5M Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NT5M Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the 5(3)-deoxyribonucleotidase family.
  • Belongs to the 5(3)-deoxyribonucleotidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NT5M: view

Function for NT5M Gene

Molecular function for NT5M Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Dephosphorylates specifically the 5 and 2(3)-phosphates of uracil and thymine deoxyribonucleotides, and so protects mitochondrial DNA replication from excess dTTP. Has only marginal activity towards dIMP and dGMP.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for NT5M Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for NT5M Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NT5M Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding IEA --
GO:0008252 nucleotidase activity TAS 10899995
GO:0008253 5-nucleotidase activity EXP,IEA 10899995
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NT5M: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NT5M: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for NT5M Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target NT5M

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for NT5M Gene

Localization for NT5M Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NT5M Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NT5M gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
peroxisome 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NT5M Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion TAS 10899995
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NT5M: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for NT5M Gene

Pathways & Interactions for NT5M Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NT5M: view

Pathways by source for NT5M Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NT5M Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006260 DNA replication TAS 10899995
GO:0009117 nucleotide metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009223 pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process TAS 10899995
GO:0009264 deoxyribonucleotide catabolic process IEA --
GO:0016311 dephosphorylation IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NT5M: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for NT5M Gene

Drugs & Compounds for NT5M Gene

(20) Drugs for NT5M Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist, Channel blocker 551
Inosine Approved, Investigational Pharma 0
Phosphoric acid Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra 0

(14) Additional Compounds for NT5M Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
beta-nicotinamide D-ribonucleotide
  • (2R,3S,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-Purin-9-yl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-ol
  • 5-(6-amino-PURIN-9-yl)-2-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-furan-3-ol
  • 9-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)adenine
  • 9-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amine
  • Adenine deoxyribonucleoside
Deoxyadenosine monophosphate
  • 2'-dAMP
  • 2'-Deoxy-5'-adenosine monophosphate
  • 2'-Deoxy-AMP
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • 2'-Deoxyadenosine 5'-monophosphate
  • 2-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-ol
  • 9-(2-Deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-guanine
  • dG
  • Guanine deoxy nucleoside
  • 2-amino-9-(2-Deoxy-9-b-D-ribofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-ol
  • 2'-Deoxy-5'-inosinic acid
  • 2'-Deoxyinosine 5'-monophosphate
  • 2'-Deoxyinosine 5'-monophosphoric acid
  • 2'-Deoxyinosine 5'-phosphate
  • 9-(2-Deoxy-5-O-phosphono-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-ol
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NT5M: view

Transcripts for NT5M Gene

Unigene Clusters for NT5M Gene

5,3-nucleotidase, mitochondrial:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NT5M Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NT5M Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for NT5M Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for NT5M Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of NT5M Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NT5M Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NT5M Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in heart, brain and skeletal muscle. Detected at very low levels in kidney and pancreas.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for NT5M Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Muscle(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with NT5M: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for NT5M Gene

Orthologs for NT5M Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for NT5M Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NT5M 34 33
  • 99.56 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nt5m 16 34 33
  • 90.83 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia NT5M 34 33
  • 90.01 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NT5M 34 33
  • 88.69 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nt5m 33
  • 85.25 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NT5M 34
  • 63 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia NT5M 34
  • 61 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves NT5M 34 33
  • 80.95 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NT5M 34
  • 65 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia nt5m 33
  • 74.96 (n)
Species where no ortholog for NT5M was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for NT5M Gene

Gene Tree for NT5M (if available)
Gene Tree for NT5M (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for NT5M: view image

Paralogs for NT5M Gene

Paralogs for NT5M Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for NT5M Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NT5M: view

Variants for NT5M Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NT5M Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000031266 -- 17,322,619(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000044415 -- 17,306,194(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000046179 -- 17,328,359(+) C/T genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000069304 -- 17,311,561(+) T/A intron_variant
rs1000101140 -- 17,323,755(+) AGCAGC/AGC intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NT5M Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv1198553 CNV deletion 17803354
esv26411 CNV loss 19812545
esv2659771 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2673352 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2813 CNV loss 18987735
esv3161567 CNV deletion 24192839
esv33859 CNV loss 17666407
esv3554215 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3640127 CNV loss 21293372
esv3640128 CNV loss 21293372
esv5295 CNV loss 18987735
esv6568 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1061186 CNV gain 25217958
nsv112007 CNV deletion 16902084
nsv1125206 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1146229 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv155 OTHER inversion 15895083
nsv469777 CNV gain 16826518
nsv499114 OTHER inversion 21111241
nsv833380 CNV loss 17160897
nsv833382 CNV loss 17160897
nsv9500 CNV loss 18304495
nsv954571 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv955407 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for NT5M Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 65.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.81; 17.10% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for NT5M Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NT5M Gene

Disorders for NT5M Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for NT5M Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
ametropic amblyopia
  • refractive amblyopia
  • cotton mill fever
dentin sensitivity
  • sensitive dentin
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search NT5M in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for NT5M

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NT5M: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for NT5M Gene

Publications for NT5M Gene

  1. Crystal structure of a human mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotidase. (PMID: 12352955) Rinaldo-Matthis A … Nordlund P (Nature structural biology 2002) 3 4 22 58
  2. A deoxyribonucleotidase in mitochondria: involvement in regulation of dNTP pools and possible link to genetic disease. (PMID: 10899995) Rampazzo C … Bianchi V (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2000) 2 3 4 58
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  5. Human mitochondrial 5'-deoxyribonucleotidase. Overproduction in cultured cells and functional aspects. (PMID: 12124385) Gallinaro L … Bianchi V (The Journal of biological chemistry 2002) 3 22 58

Products for NT5M Gene

Sources for NT5M Gene

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